Tuesday, August 14, 2018

JOHN BRODIE: A 17-Year Journey

By T.J. Troup
Art Credit: Merv Corning
When you play seventeen years in the NFL you must have enough ability to keep your position on the team. Before John Brodie's career is explored in detail, let us start with the situation he is entering into. The 1956 San Francisco 49ers have a new coach who happens to be a novice as a head coach, but knows the organization since he was once upon a time their quarterback.

The Niners struggled in 1955 under one-year head coach Red Strader, and the belief is that Frankie Albert can lead them back to prominence. He has a quarterback in Y.A. Tittle, and in the draft they take Earl Morrall. By midseason of  1956 and Morrall gets a chance to start, and though he has his moments, his rookie season is not what was expected.

San Francisco has never had a strong linebacker corps, and the trade of Morrall to Pittsburgh brings in outstanding outside linebacker Marv Matuszak. Someone has to back up Tittle and in the first-round of a very talented group of youngsters in the draft comes Stanford All-American John Brodie.

The 1957 Western Conference race is very contentious with the 49ers fighting to stay at the top thus Brodie watches from the sidelines the first six weeks. Late in game seven in a loss to the Rams John attempts his first pass late in the game. Incomplete on a long pass for Conner. The next week the contending Lions also beat San Francisco and late in the game Brodie completes 5 of 6 for 71 yards, and his first touchdown toss (20 yards to Billy Wilson). December 1st, and the Niners are in New York to battle the Giants in a game both teams must have to stay in contention.

When the Giants have the ball there are two men watching from their respective sidelines; right corner Dick Nolan of New York, and back-up quarterback John Brodie. Phil Bengston's defensive game plan is superb in blitzing Conerly into defeat. This will not be the last time Brodie & Nolan will be linked. San Francisco returns home and Tittle is injured late in the game. Brodie enters with the Niners knocking on the winning touchdown door at the Colt fourteen-yard-line. McElhenny convinces Brodie to throw a deep out in the end zone and he will be there to catch it. He does!

John Brodie gets his first start in the final game of the campaign against Green Bay at Kezar. Just one win away from meeting the Lions in a divisional play-off. Brodie struggles; Tittle comes off the bench and San Francisco wins. The disheartening home loss to Detroit in the play-offs is another lesson for John to learn as he watches the big lead evaporate. Frankie Albert decides to start Brodie instead of first team all-pro Y. A. Tittle to begin the '58 season. John plays well in the victory over Pittsburgh (quarterbacked by Earl Morrall), but the Rams hammer the Niners the next week, and for one week Tittle is back in the saddle as the starting QB.

Watching the complete game on film of the 49er victory over Philadelphia in week four shows what a young John Brodie is all about. When the Niners come out of the huddle in their tight slot formation Brodie stops, puts his hands on his hips stares at the defense and then puts his hands under center. Brodie gains 276 yards passing on 13 completions in the victory.

His first completion of the game San Francisco is tight slot left and the slot receiver R.C. Owens runs an out pattern as left split end Clyde Conner runs a slant and catches the ball for a 13-yard gain. Conner about to be tackled laterals to Owens who strides down the sideline for an additional 48 yards and Brodie's longest completion of the year. Later John fires over the middle to McElhenny for a 59-yard touchdown.

His outstanding performance allows him to start the next three games. The Rams again beat the Niners easily as Brodie again struggles. Though he throws passes in three more games he is again replaced by Tittle as the starting quarterback. 1959 begins with a new head coach in Howard "red" Hickey. Hickey makes bold promises as San Francisco jumps out to a commanding lead in the western conference. Brodie does not attempt a pass in the first seven weeks, but late in the year he starts against both Cleveland and Baltimore as the 49ers fade to fourth place.

Hickey again states emphatically that San Francisco is a contender in 1960, and in the first game against Detroit Brodie comes off the bench and passes San Francisco to victory. He starts against the Bears in Wrigley the next week but this time the loss does not send him back to the bench. John starts the next week against Green Bay and the Phil Bengston Packer defense blankets his receivers and pressures him into an 0 for 13 performance and back to the bench.

Editor Don Schiffer put out a handbook during this time, and he would have thumbnail sketches of the players. These are quotes from Schiffer on the early part of Brodie's career. 1959 he states "nifty passing quarterback who spells Y.A. Tittle". 1960 he states "saw limited action in '59—top gunner in '58 with 59.9 completion percentage". October 30th, 1960 is a turning point for John as he again comes off the bench and guides the Niners to victory over the contending Bears. He will start the rest of the season.

San Francisco is 3-4 after the loss to Detroit, and then has two weeks to prepare for the expansion Cowboys. Brodie does not have one of his better passing games against the Landry led Cowboys (they will face each other again), but in the first half Brodie takes off and runs for gains of 25 & 30 yards! Though not considered a runner, he sure shows his athleticism and has also proven he is effective rolling out to his right. One of his top skills is his ability to fake the run and throw.

November 27th, 1960 is a fateful day in 49er history as Hickey has a so-called new game plan to limit the pass rush of the defending champion Colts. Hickey calls it the "shotgun", and is basically a form of a spread offense with wingbacks who can run or go out for passes. Much has been written about this game, yet so much more could and should have been told about this game. The Colts punt on their first possession and San Francisco on their first play from scrimmage aligns in the spread as Brodie completes to Owens for 10 yards. The Niners drive to the Baltimore fourteen before Tommy Davis kicks a field goal. First blood to the 49ers. A clipping penalty on the punt return has the Colts starting from their own six-yard line.

The master himself Johnny Hightops drive his steeds 94 yards and the lead on a pass to Berry. The next time Baltimore has the ball they drive 54 yards and score to take a 13-3 lead. San Francisco starts on their own thirty-yard line. In the spread on first down at their own forty-one, a bad snap from center in the spread formation has Brodie scampering to not only get the ball but avoid the onrushing Colts—he can't and a sack for a loss of 38 yards.

The next Baltimore drive ends with strong safety Dave Baker intercepting at his own fourteen. Brodie from the spread pitches to Owens for 29, and then Conner for 19. Last play of the half and John lofts the ball high for Owens in the end zone (let's call it the alley-oop re-visited) for 38 and a touchdown. Folks, we have ourselves a ballgame at 13-10.
During the third quarter the Niners revert back to the t-formation and drive for a touchdown by J.D. Smith and the lead. Next 49er possession back to the spread, and eventually a punt. Unitas completes two straight for 65 yards and retakes the lead 20-17. Early in the 4th quarter deep in San Francisco territory, a fumble recovered by Matt Hazeltine stops the Colts. This next drive by the Niners is the one that should have been covered in-depth, and has not been TILL NOW.

San Francisco switches from the T-formation to the spread more than once on this drive, and the key play is the 51-yard completion to Conner from the T!

Second down and eleven at the Baltimore fourteen with Brodie in the spread. The Colt defense has adjusted to the spread by going to a 3-4 look spaced evenly across the formation with Eugene "Big Daddy" Lipscomb as a stand-up linebacker to the strong side. Brodie cannot find a receiver and darts up the middle for 5 yards until a sledge hammer forearm shot from the Big Daddy knocks him out of the ballgame.

Tittle enters the game, and Davis kicks a 15-yard field goal. Unitas long pass is intercepted by Mertens on the 49er seven. Aligned in the T-formation Brodie back in the game gives to Roberts who is tackled by the Big Daddy for a safety, and the lead at 22-20. Myhra misses a field goal and with 2:32 left in the game San Francisco has one last chance. Tittle is at quarterback for two plays, and is then replaced by Bobby Waters at quarterback in the spread. The youngster completes to Dee Mackey for 20, and then again for 19, but on this second completion Mackey laterals to Owens who sprints down the sideline for the remaining 22 yards and the winning touchdown.

When Dave Baker intercepts again on a Colt flea flicker it is not Brodie at quarterback, nor Waters, but Tittle under center in the T-formation running the ball into field goal range. Davis kicks the 17- yard field goal to put the game out of reach at 30-22 with just 19 seconds left. No writer has ever written that Hickey went back to the T-formation when he was emphatic that the spread was the only way to win the game?

San Francisco beats the Rams the next week as Brodie is sensational with a short passing game setting up the showdown in Kezar against the Lombardi Packers. Brodie plays poorly, and the Packer mudders take over first place. The rematch with the Colts at Kezar is another 49er victory, but Brodie again in inaccurate.

Entering the 1961 season Hickey has decided that Brodie will be the starter. Tittle is traded to New York, and the Niners draft tailback Billy Kilmer to rotate in at quarterback with Brodie in the spread. Much has been written about the '61 campaign, the ups and downs of the Niners, and Hickey's statements of why he abandons the spread? The second half of the year in the T-formation the 49er offense is a yard gaining machine because J.D. Smith runs for yards behind an excellent offensive line, and John Brodie has matured into a quarterback that can throw accurately and shred a secondary.

The last five games of the year he completes 73 of 137 for a whopping 1,364 yards! R.C. Owens gains over 1,000 receiving, yet is the first 1,000 yard receiver in league history to not be chosen for the pro bowl. Schiffer's 1962 handbook he states "quietly coming to the top of his performance" and " not likely to run club when it shifts to the shotgun".

What a foolish statement since Hickey has decided not to be bombastic on any predictions for 1962, and though San Francisco may on occasion align in the spread, the Niners are a T-formation team with Brodie as the starter. John plays well late in the year and throws for a career-high 18 touchdowns, but San Francisco with a record of 6-8 is under .500 for the first time in Brodie's career.

The 49ers entering '63 are not only not contenders, they are void of talent at too many positions. John Brodie has recovered from his spring auto accident, and starts the first three games of '63, but his arm injury sidelines him for the rest of the season. Hickey is replaced by Jack Christiansen, and the woeful last-place 49ers are at the bottom. One final quote from Schiffer " too many varying offenses have delayed the development of John Brodie". By far the best publication in this era is Street & Smith's Pro Football. Billy Kilmer is now a running back only, and the new young talent brought in the challenge Brodie for the quarterback position is quick, hard-throwing George Mira.

Bernie Casey has improved each year and by 1964 is one of the top wide receivers in the western conference, and is joined by Dave Parks to give Brodie the best targets he has ever had. Parks needs polish and experience, yet he is the complete package: swift, sure-handed, can run every route, and is tough as nails, and relishes the opportunity to run after the catch.

Christiansen, like most coaches, would relish having a balanced offense, but the Niners are lacking talent in the running game. The offensive line is a team strength and will only get better. San Francisco begins 1964 with a 2-2 mark and Brodie is poised and accurate. San Francisco drops four straight, and Christiansen gives Mira a chance for two games, but late in the year it is back to Brodie. There are trades and drafts that re-vitalize a team.

Abe Woodson was a fine combination corner/kick returner for the Niners, yet he is traded for tough running John David Crow of the Cardinals. When healthy Crow is a lethal combination of a power runner who can catch, and block. The draft brings Ken Willard in to play the other running back position. One of the best offensive lines in football opening holes for two relentless power runners, combined with a two excellent receivers in Parks & Casey.....for the first time in many years John Brodie has weapons.

Quoting Bob Oates in the '63 Street & Smith's Yearbook "John runs well, handles the ball smoothly, and is a clever passer though is arm may not be the strongest in the league". "If he has a glaring weakness it is that he seems subject to "off" days, a distinction which is not exactly unique". For the preview of '65 Oates states "Brodie is a quarterback who can do everything a quarterback has to do pretty well. He can throw short with reasonable accuracy, he can throw far enough and he scrambles decently. The problem with John is that he isn't great at anything".

The 49ers in 1963 scored only 198 points. The 49ers in 1965 will score 421 points. Amazing what happens if you give a quarterback some weapons. Problem is the 49er defense with only a handful of decent defenders allow 402. While passing stats don't tell the complete story, they are an indicator. Brodie completes 30 of 40 for 505 yards with 5 touchdowns and no interceptions the first two games of the year. Though no quarterback in this era can maintain such gaudy numbers, he sure gives it his all. The Detroit Lions in 1965 still have a strong defense, but a substandard offense. The Minnesota Vikings have a terrific versatile offense, and a pathetic defense.
There are three very strong contenders in '65; the defending conference champion Colts led by John Unitas, a revitalized Packer team led by Bart Starr, and the surprising Chicago Bears led by rookie sensation Gale Sayers, and aided by passing champion Rudy Bukich. These three teams have defenses that can limit or even stop an opponent. Brodie does not, yet San Francisco leads the league in scoring.

John has so many excellent games that choosing which one to detail is difficult. November 28th in Minnesota Brodie gains 209 yards on his 10 completions, with 5(his all-time high) touchdown passes in a 45-24 win. Last day of the season is the game to be discussed. Brodie is coming off a decent performance in the Wrigley Field loss to the Bears where the porous defense allowed 61 points, and the team now has a 7-6 record. The opponent are the men from Green Bay who know they cannot lose since the Colts won the day before to finish 10-3-1. Brodie throws into the right flat early and larcenous Adderley left corner par excellence pilfers the pigskin and trots into the end zone.

John must not get down since he knows the Niner defense cannot stop Green Bay. Brodie does throw two more interceptions, but he also completes 26 passes against the best secondary in the league. Those 26 completions gain 295 yards, and 3 scores as San Francisco ties Green Bay forcing a playoff.

For the season Brodie sets a new standard with 242 completions. For a moment lets reflect on how many accurate passers have come before and during Brodie's career, yet he ranks first for a season in this key category. A true evaluation though must ask the question; did Brodie attempt the most passes ever in a season? The answer is no. Six times a quarterback had attempted more than 400 passes in a season (Brodie attempted 391).

Attending the Pro Bowl was always a joy for me in those days, but John had one of those days a quarterback never wants to have. Against Eastern Conference all-stars  he completed 14 of 29 for 180 yards, with 6 interceptions in the 36-7 loss. What can we expect for the 49ers in '66?

One of the publications of that era was the Pro Football Almanac (the caption at the top "The Biggest, Best Pro Football Magazine"). Who is our cover boy?  None other than John Brodie. The story on our cover boy begins with a quote from Johnny Lujack, "He seems to get better every year. He can become one of the best in the league". The story details how Brodie went to the official as team captain after Dave Parks called a timeout against the Rams. Brodie did not want the timeout and let the clock run before calling time. Davis kicks the game-winning field goal as the Rams now had only six seconds to work with.

The main question for 1966 was simple yet incisive—could the 49er offense duplicate 1965? November 13th of 1966 and we are in Chicago as the 49ers with a 4-3-1 record take on the floundering Bears. George Allen has left the Bears and is now head coach of the Rams, and as such Jim Dooley calls the defense for Chicago. He rolls the coverage to Dave Parks since Parks was prolific in '65 and off to a strong start in '66. Brodie realizes this and pinpoints Bernie Casey on the other side. Casey gains 225 yards on 12 catches in the 30-all tie.

The NFL goes through realignment in 1967 with four divisions with four teams each. The Coastal division has the low flying Falcons, but two juggernauts in Baltimore & Los Angeles. Christiansen has San Francisco off and winging with a 5-1 record, before the bottom falls out. Brodie struggles the second half of the year, and both rookie Steve Spurrier, and George Mira play down the stretch(Brodie starts just one of the last four games of the year). The highlight of the year is the victory over the Rams in the Coliseum (their only loss) as he gained 269 yards against a George Allen coached defense with 3 touchdowns. Christiansen is dismissed, and the new man in town is taciturn Dick Nolan.

Christiansen, with his background on defense, was supposed to strengthen that part of the team, and never did. Nolan also has a defensive background, and he has a systematic plan to do so. Mira plays very little, as Dick Nolan knows that Brodie can lead his team. Parks has left for New Orleans, and Bernie Casey is a Ram. A trade with Cleveland has brought in pencil-thin Clifton McNeil and Brodie instantly builds a strong connection with the former bench player as he leads the league with 71 catches for just under 1,000 yards.

The victory over the Falcons in Atlanta to close the season gives the Niners a 7-6-1 mark. For a moment lets take a look at the overall record for the last 86 games. San Francisco has won just 33. Will the Niners ever be a contender before Brodie retires? 1969 is more of the same as they win just 4 of 14. Nolan painstakingly is building the defense, and there is improvement in the pass rush, and linebacking play, but the secondary is still a work in progress.

John Brodie has another new receiver in 1969 in the rookie from Stanford Gene Washington. The youngster displays quickness, speed, and route running ability—he just needs experience.

Quoting Street & Smith's in 1970 "watch Brodie. Football has seldom presented a better pure passer". His arm injuries from '69 have supposedly healed, and the secondary with rookie Bruce Taylor and Roosevelt Taylor for his first complete season in the city by the Bay—John Brodie in his 14th season might have a contending team again? November 8th, 1970 in Wrigley Field where Brodie has won just once in his career. San Francisco enters the game with a 5-1-1 record, with the Allen Rams nipping at their heals at 5-2.

The passer rating is a tool that has served me well over the years, and Brodie's for this game is 147.5. Having the play by play and watching the highlight film though is the real indicator that John Brodie has reached the pinnacle of his career. Half-time and the Bears lead 13-10. Brodie has completed 8 of 12 for 94 yards. Chicago takes the second half kick-off and drives to the Niner twelve. Percival kicks a 19 year field goal to up the lead. The rest of the half is all Brodie at his best. He completes 13 of 16 for 223 yards. He reads the Bear blitz and delivers a deep strike to Gene Washington for 79 and a touchdown. Twice in the red zone a man who has been knocked for inability to read coverage throws to the open man for scores. During this game Brodie completed his 2,000th pass to join only three other men in this category.

In late November Brodie struggles on successive weeks in the losses to Detroit and Los Angeles, but the 7-3-1 San Francisco 49ers win their last three as player of the year John Brodie throws for seven touchdowns. The improved Nolan defense does their part, and for the first time Brodie has led San Francisco to top. The road victory over the Vikings on a frozen field in Minnesota sets up the NFC title game in the last game at Kezar. Brodie's long strike to Washington convinced Landry to roll coverage and Dallas with Thomas running sweep after sweep into the boundary (short side of the field) advance to the Super Bowl.
Being on the cover of Sports Illustrated is an achievement, and the Pro Football Issue for 1971 has John Brodie standing with hands on his hips calling out what he sees. "Here Come the 49ers". San Francisco starts 6-2 but the Rams who have beaten Frisco twice are in a position to win the division on the last day of the '71 season. Tom Brookshier & Pat Summerall commented on 31-27 win over the Lions at Candlestick on the outstanding show This Week in Pro Football—that it was one of the best games of any season. Brodie uses his ground game superbly as Ken Willard at one point carries eight of eleven plays to eat up the clock, yet the key plays are completions by Brodie to his now star wide receiver Gene Washington who torches right corner Al Clark of the Lions twice. On the Lion ten yard line Brodie drops back and runs a quarterback draw for the winning 10 yard touchdown. No doubt everyone except John was surprised that he ran on the well-executed play.

Beating the Redskins at home set up another showdown with the Landry Cowboys, and again the future Super Bowl champion Dallas played suffocating defense. The years have taken their toll, but having Spurrier is a godsend as Brodie misses plenty of playing time with injury. San Francisco is 4-4-1 with five games to go in '72. The 49er defense, with assistance from Spurrier are now at home in Candlestick to play Minnesota before 58,502 with the division title on the line.

Watching the highlights of John warming up on the sideline rotating his now ancient arm and then entering the game is moment that will be captured for all-time. Can he bring the 49ers back? Of course he can as he throws to open receivers underneath, in-between, and behind defenders. He throws 15 passes, and the Vikings snare two of them, but the sure-handed Niner receivers grab 10 for 165 yards, and the two touchdowns to win a 3rd consecutive division crown. Roger Staubach will long be remembered for his pinpoint accuracy in bringing Dallas back from the dead to beat San Francisco at Candlestick 30-28, yet Brodie has now guided San Francisco to three straight division titles. John Brodie is the starter at the beginning of '73 in his 17th campaign, but he is just not the passer he once was.
Art credit: Chuck Ren

He plays well in the October victory over New Orleans, but has very poor games against the Rams and Lions. Nolan starts him for the Saturday nationally televised game against the Steelers, but John wobbles a pass downfield that John Rowser intercepts and returns for a touchdown. He completes 6 of 12 for 79 yards in his final game.

No quarterback wants his pass to be intercepted, let alone returned for a touchdown. Brodie while he did throw his fair share of interceptions was not victimized nearly as often as many other quarterbacks in throwing a "pick six". Only 13 times in his career (five by the Rams). John Brodie attempted 1,395 passes in his career against the Lions, Bears, and Vikings, and only two were returned for scores.

Before going any further it is time to go back to quotes from publications. From '69 through the mid '70's a new football magazine came on the horizon; Pro Quarterback.  The magazine was at times insightful, and sure had some strong opinions. February of '71: "John Brodie always has had a style which impresses people, whether they're teammates, rivals or professional observers". "If I had an obstacle course for passes" said one scout, "where they had to throw a variety of passes, I think Brodie would rank right up there at the top. Maybe behind Joe Namath, but right in there with Unitas and Jurgensen".

October of '71 Brodie is on the cover and the story on him: A Championship for San Francisco? A quote from John himself: "I always thought if the pieces were put together properly, our direction would be up. And it is. We're in a better position now than we were even at the close of last season".  1972 Super Bowl issue there is an evaluation of the quarterbacks and he ranks at the top with a "4" in set-up speed & throwing ability, but just 2.5 for reaction under pressure. The article states that scouts saw deficient areas, thus he failed to convince them of his ability overall.
That said, as a man who coached receivers at the college level, and worked with quarterbacks—my view of John Brodie's career watching film of him is as follows. He is just a cut below being a Hall of Fame quarterback due to his inconsistency. What stands out about Brodie is simple—R.C. Owens gained 1,000 yards receiving with Brodie, and did nothing after he left San Francisco. Parks & Casey had standout seasons and games catching passes from John. Parks in particular has stated that he should have never left Frisco.

Casey, though he played well with Gabriel and the Rams, was at his best in Frisco. Clifton McNeil had one monster year with Brodie, and did very little anywhere else. Gene Washington was on his way to superstardom with Brodie, yet when John was injured and then retired Washington just did not catch as many passes. John Brodie could build a synergy with a receiver that only the greats can do. A receiver can run a sharp route, get open, and have sure hands, yet he has to have someone to throw the ball with timing and accuracy. John Brodie displayed that over and over.

Monday, August 13, 2018

Issues with Recent Owners and the Pro Football Hall of Fame

By John Turney
For the last couple of years, in my memory anyway, there has been plenty of media about how Pat Bowlen has been disrespected because a few other owners/contributors have made the Pro Football Hall of Fame before him. Much of it came from the Denver media but possibly from elsewhere.

In 2014 the Pro Football Hall of Fame added a contributor category to honor those who didn't play or  coach but who significantly contributed to the NFL. I am told it wasn't supposed to be a defacto "owner" slot and so far it's been split between owners and general manager types.

It would be a solid bet that this year, since there are two slots, that Pat Bowlen will be one of them. Media reports stated that he's been close for the last few years so I expect him to make it over the top in a couple of weeks when the contributor committee meets.

In my view, and this is simply me, it's nothing to get excited about one way or the other. Modern owners in the Hall of Fame is a contrivance anyway. I have been told that with the massive investments the NFL made in the past 5-10 years that the owners wanted to be remembered with Hall of Fame Gold Jackets. Now, we cannot prove a quid pro quo but it seems pretty close at least in terms of the timing. Just follow the money the NFL has moved into Canton and the decision the HOF Board made to add contributors does make a little sense, though, as I said, impossible to prove.

Another issue is that I am also told plenty of the players don't like the fact that the owners get the same Gold Jacket they do, that they think it's fine for them to be in HOF but that there should be a distinguishment between players and coaches and even general managers and ownership.

Sure, you will get former players like John Elway will not say that in fact, Elway says "No one has given more to the game than Pat Bowlen". I don't know how to measure that but Chuck Hughes and Kory Stringer may have something to say about that. But the point remains, there are Hall of Fame players who don't think owners should get the same accolades as players and coaches.

Former Cowboy and author Peter Gent captured what some of the former players may feel in this scene from the film North Dallas 40.
Protagonist wide receiver Phil Elliott, speaking to Dallas head Coach B.A. Strothers and the North Dallas Ownership—"Chrissakes B.A. WE'RE not the team. They're the TEAM. These guys right here. They're the team, We're the equipment, the jock straps, the helmets,  and they just depreciate us and take us off the goddamn tax returns, that's what that is."

Gent's groundbreaking book (of the same name as the film) portrayed transparent and unflattering portraits of Dallas owners Clint Murchison, Tex Schram, Gil Brandt, Tom Landry and others and those caricatures did, at the time, illustrate how many players felt about ownership. And while fiction, Gent's said he tried the capture the essence of what he saw while with the Cowboys. And it's likely that many or most teams were run in the same way at the time.

There is less enmity, in my view, now, though the kneeling for the National Anthem issue is causing a stir lately. So, for these and other reasons what owner and what committees he served on and what writers he fed information to does not make up for the fact that he's not a player or coach.

Also, I find it ironic that based on the website Your Team Cheats the owners in and being considered for the HOF score pretty high–

Click on the name to follow link:

Edward DeBartolo (in)

Jerry Jones (in)

Pat Bowlen (likely to get in this year)

Robert Kraft (likely to get in in next 4-6 years)

Certainly, things are better between owners and players now than they were in the 1960s, 70s, and 80s (and before). But are they where they need to be? Perhaps. But as strictly an observer whether an owner makes the Hall of Fame or not has little effect on the Hall itself.

In my view, the question fans and writers should ask is not "Are there enough representatives in the Hall of Fame from my team or the team I cover?". The question should be "Is the Hall of Fame less for not having a certain player in the Hall of Fame". It's shouldn't be a validation of a particular team or but a validation of a particular player's career as one that stands out amongst his peers. Again, that's my view.

Additionally, it begs another question why was Carrol Rosenbloom ignored? Because he died? He was a major part of three championships, part of hiring Pete Rozelle as commissioner, was part of the AFL-NFL merger, even traded a franchise. Do I care? Not really, other than to point out the recent DeBartolo, Jones, and soon to be Bowlen choices smack of recentism—things without an aim toward a long-term, historical view.  There seems to be recentism in the HOF selections anyway and the contributor category is not an exception.

Here’s a look at the owners who are already in the HOF (source Pro Football Hall of Fame). Does anyone really care about folks on this list, other than the founders of the league and those vital to the AFL-NFL merger? I can think of a couple I'd like to kick out, even. But even those who are in, as compared to those who are out, there seems little difference.
  • Bert Bell: Former NFL commissioner, owner of Philadelphia Eagles (1933-1940), and co-owner of Pittsburgh Steelers (1941-1946).
  • Charles W. Bidwill Sr. Owner of Chicago Cardinals (1933-1947)
  • Al Davis Owner of Oakland/Los Angeles Raiders (1966-2011), former head coach of Oakland Raiders, commissioner of American Football League.
  • Edward DeBartolo Jr. Owner of San Francisco 49ers (1977-2000)
  • George Halas Founder and owner of the Decatur Staleys/Chicago Staleys/Chicago Bears (1920-1983), former head coach of Bears and co-founder of NFL.
  • Lamar Hunt Founder and owner of Dallas Texans/Kansas City Chiefs (1959-present)
  • Jerry Jones Owner, president and general manager of Dallas Cowboys (1989 to present)
  • Tim Mara Founder and owner of New York Giants (1925-1959)
  • Wellington Mara Team administrator and owner of New York Giants (1937-2005)
  • George Preston Marshall Founder and owner of Boston Braves/Boston Redskins/Washington Redskins (1932-1969)
  • Dan Reeves Owner of Cleveland/Los Angeles Rams (1941-1971)
  • Art Rooney Founder and owner of Pittsburgh Pirates/Steelers (1933-1988)
  • Dan Rooney Team administrator and owner of Pittsburgh Steelers (1955-present)
  • Ralph Wilson, Jr. Founder and owner of Buffalo Bills (1960-2014)
I know some who are partisan will say this team has had its success and that merits more Hall of Famers, including the owner. And the owner was on this committee and that committee that "made the NFL what it is today". Please. I have access to some owners meeting notes going back for many years and it's pretty dull reading. It doesn't seem like the things they discuss are the stuff of the Hall of Fame. If an owner bought teams in the 1980s or 1990s all they had to do was keep the NFL juggernaut on the rails, at least compared to what was going on in the first 50-60 years of the league. Back then teams actually folded. That hasn't happened since the early 1950s. So, compared to now, the league is extremely stable and ownership is important but not worthy of the praise it gets from the supporters of particular candidates for the Hall of Fame. It seems like there is a LOT of hyperbole.

A lot. Of. Hyperbole.

Wednesday, August 8, 2018

Aaron Donald is a Defensive Tackle, Not "Technically" a Defensive End

By John Turney
From time to time we see the suggestion that Aaron Donald is a defensive end and if it comes to that juncture the Rams would have to franchise him as a DE rather than a DT. Over the years the franchise number for ends is higher than the number for tackles, though the gap is closing.

Regardless, but all standards Donald is a defensive tackle, not an end. Yes, the Rams play a 3-4 defense and traditionally there is one nose tackle and two defensive ends in that scheme, but this is not your father's 3-4 defense. It's 2018 and not 1985.

As we reported when Wade Phillips was hired this 3-4 is not one that uses two defensive ends. Phillips has wrinkles that he calls Will Wink and Sam Sink which "reduce" a defensive end to a 3-technique. Donald plays that position, the outside shoulder of a guard, which is a defensive tackle, not an end. Donald is the 3-technique and is almost always on the weak side as he flops from side
to side depending on where the tight end lines up (or which side of the offense is the three receiver side).

So, if he is franchised tagged it will be as a tackle for the $13.9 million tag. For 2018 the defensive end tag number is $14.2 million.

Now, that won't mean Donald's people won't try to make the case because if they pull out the defensive playbook it may show that "sink" end is called an end.

So there is that case to be made, on paper, anyway.

However, this is how the defense is listed on the official NFL gamebooks, with Brockers at DE and Donald at DT—
 And the final piece would be the film. In almost all cases, Donald is lineup over a guard, which makes him a tackle, not an end.

Wednesday, August 1, 2018


By T.J. Troup
This weekend former Philadelphia Eagle Brian Dawkins will be inducted in the Pro Football Hall of Fame. Have had many discussions over the years concerning what are the responsibilities of a safety, and who has played the position at an elite level. Brian Dawkins is very deserving of enshrinement. The folks at the Pro Football Hall of Fame have been helpful and respectful of my work on the history of the game, and sure like to help them out when I can.

A few days ago I sent them some stat info on Mr. Dawkins. Before 1950 many players caught a touchdown pass and intercepted a pass in the same game. From 1950 through 1956 this accomplishment happened only 15 times. In the last game of the 1956 season for Pittsburgh Jack Butler did it for the 4th and last time in his career.

Since that game, only four men have accomplished this feat. Rookie Ed Sutton of the 'Skins did it against the Eagles in December of '57. Outside linebacker Jim Houston of the Browns did it in December of '66 against Philadelphia. Fifteen years later stellar athlete Roy Green of the Cardinals accomplished this in '81.

There were many games played between 1981 and 2002, and sure looked like it would never happen again, yet in the 35-17 win over the Houston Texans on September 29th, 2002 Brian Dawkins became the latest player to join this fraternity. In the second quarter his interception and 27-yard return set up a field goal, and in the 3rd quarter Brian Mitchell tossed to Dawkins for a 57-yard touchdown.

The second subject for today is a personal one, yet feel strongly in sharing the following; over the years has been struggling to convince teams/companies to invest in my historical statistical research. Was told by bitter/angry Bob Carroll years ago that "you will never make a dime selling research". Well, Bob, you were wrong. I hired an agent three years ago, and Mr. Shane Holmes has done yeoman's work in contacting folks and completing deals. The most recent was a mega-deal like no other. My hope is that someday there will be a site the pro football fan can go to and view a complete and accurate box score (like baseball).

Tuesday, July 24, 2018

WILLIE DAVIS and the 1962 Packers

By T.J. Troup
Willie Davis by Christopher Paluso
When writing my book "The Birth of the Modern 4-3 Defense" one of the goals was to detail who played what position and how well for each of the twelve teams in the '50's. This saga of one of the best teams of all-time will continue that format. John Turney's superb and in-depth story yesterday on the best 4-3 defensive ends of all-time fits well since today is Willie Davis birthday, and he is a key factor for the success of this team.

Perspective is a key element when a team is evaluated and discussed. Eleven-year-old boys in '62 living outside of Chicago look forward to Chicago Bear road games on TV. The Bears started 2-0 that year and then came the devastation in Green Bay as the Green & Gold took this so called rivalry to a new height or depth depending upon your viewpoint. Twice more I saw the Packers that year, the Thanksgiving day massacre in Detroit, and the 1962 title game at Yankee Stadium.

Now, all these years later having coached, and devoured film of the Packers brings a true perspective of just how powerful this team was. Ready? The 49ers and Colts are flawed teams that really are not contenders in 1962. The two teams in the Western Conference that believe they are contenders are the Bears & Lions. Willie Galimore's early season injury limits the Bears running game, but Bill Wade can fire that football. He has some outstanding games during the year, yet still forces throws into coverage.

How does Wade fare against the Green Bay defense? The Chicago defense is in transition, and to this day no one really knows when Shaughnessy is striped of his defensive co-ordinator role and George Allen takes over. The youthful talented Bear secondary is improving, and the d-line and linebackers can and do make plays, but can they limit the Packer attack? The Bears are too inconsistent to win the west. Detroit has finished second in back to back seasons and has an outstanding defense.

The question that is asked each year in the Motor City is where is the quarterback to take us back to the championship game? Milt Plum proves he cannot rise to the level of elite quarterback. The Lion running game is very limited as hard running fullback Nick Pietrosante gained just 204 yards rushing the last five games of '61, and struggles during the '62 campaign.

Coach George Wilson like so many coaches wants a balanced attack, but the Lions cannot dominate the game running the ball. What the attack does have is a truly gifted receiver who makes key catches all year; team MVP Gail Cogdill(44 catches for 797 yards in 11 victories). The toughness, and talent of the defense coached by Don Shula coupled with Cogdill just might be enough most years to win the division, but not this year. Defining greatness can be a real challenge, we know it when we see it, but how do we state it?

The 1962 Packers are one of the greatest/best teams of all-time! Vince Lombardi knows his defending champions are primed to repeat, and his excellent coaching staff returns. Much has been written about this man, and he is complex in some ways. He is the best combination chemistry teacher/offensive line coach during his time in the league. Lombardi understands how to put the right ingredients together in just the right amounts and then send that motivated ingredient on the field to lay waste to the opposition.

His defensive coordinator Phil Bengston finally has every position filled with a quality player. Willie Davis is in his third year starting in Green Bay. He is durable, quick, sheds blocks, and is finally a force as a pass rusher. He is not chosen for the Pro Bowl, yet is voted Second-team All-Pro. Dave "Hawg" Hanner has survived the lean years in Green Bay and is still a strong run defender at left defensive tackle. Second year man Ron Kostelnik fills in capably off the bench during games for Hanner. Henry Jordan is quick, savvy and is a master at shedding blocks. He is not chosen for the Pro Bowl, yet he also earns All-Pro recognition at right defensive tackle. Veteran Bill Quinlan is not much of a pass rusher, but is strong at the point of attack at his right defensive end position.
Ray Nitschke by Merv Corning
There have been many seasons where a player receives recognition though it is based upon past performances, and Dan Currie at left linebacker is a vivid example. He has lost his ability to pursue, and moves poorly due to injury. Though he can still make a play, he is not near the player he once was. Ken Iman fills in admirably for Currie, and makes key plays during the campaign. Veteran Bill Forester is at the peak of his career at right linebacker, and is simply the best in the league at his position. A very strong run defender, who can blitz when called upon, and is always where he is needed to be during the year. He is All-Pro and Pro Bowl bound. Ray Nitschke was having his best year in '61 until the Army called, and he struggled late in the year. There was no struggle in '62. This IS the year when he puts it "all together". Ray is a savage very motivated tackler who excels at zone coverage. His speed in pursuit for a man his size is very impressive. The middle linebacker position in Packer land is finally a strength.
Herb Adderly by Merv Corning
There are still books that list Herb Adderley as the starting left corner for his rookie year in '61. He was not, but in '62 he not only is the starter, he earns all-pro recognition. Athletic, swift, with the ability to make the big play this youngster is destined for stardom. Hank Gremminger survived at left corner for years, though he did not have the skills for the position. Mike Ditka's performance in '61 in Wrigley against the Pack creates a void a strong safety(left) for the Packers, and Gremminger finally is playing the position he was meant to. Tough, and a fine pass defender on underneath routes. Hank is fortunate to have Adderley on his left and Willie Wood on his right. Wood leads the league in interceptions, but just as important he almost never misses a tackle. He learned his lessons well from Emlen Tunnell and now in his third year is the best in the league, though Patton & Lary are voted First-team All-Pro. Add to his resume that Willie is one of the better punt returners in the league. Jesse Whittenton is headed to the down side of his career, but he is still a stellar right corner who knows all the tricks, and is rarely out of position.

This group is durable, capable, and at their peak. The Green Bay defense allows just 14 offensive touchdowns in fourteen games, and records 36 sacks. Vince Lombardi wants to dominate opponents defenses, and at times the offense so controls the clock and the scoreboard that there is very little for him to do on game day but watch. No team in this era is as well prepared for Sunday as the Lombardi Packers. Ron Kramer has size and athleticism but rarely has he been the tight end that everyone in the league knew he could be. That situation changes in '62 as he is All-Pro and a real asset to the attack as both a blocker and downfield receiver. McGee & Dowler have size and speed and run the pattern needed for all successful teams.
Bart Starr by Merv Corning
The era of the 50's and '60's the square-in route (called a 'dig' these days) is the staple of every quality team. The quarterback must have pin point accuracy and enough zip on the ball to make this throw. McGee and Dowler run the pattern exceptionally well. Yes, they run other routes well also, but throwing down the middle in front of the free safety is vital to setting up the other plays in the Packers arsenal. Bart Starr does not have the passing stats of other quarterbacks in the league. Twelve touchdown passes seems like a small number for a dominant offense, yet that stat is very impressive. Could Green Bay have utilized their passing game in the "red zone"? We will never know, simply because no team runs the ball in the red zone like the Packers. Starr is basically mistake free, accurate, and at this point in his career a very capable leader on the field. He is voted Second-team All-Pro.
Jim Taylor by Merv Corning
Jim Taylor has a season for the ages. A record setting 19 touchdowns, and averaging over 100 yards a game on the ground. He runs with a fury, and refuses to be tackled by the first defender that he comes in contact with. Taylor is a willing blocker who can catch.
Paul Hornung by Merv Corning
Hornung's early season injury gives Tom Moore an opportunity to play. He runs hard, will block, and can throw the halfback option pass. He is a pedestrian talent at best. Watching game film shows massive holes to run through, and he seldom gets away from tacklers. Moore gives effort, and is a solid back-up, but nothing more. Rookie Earl Gros, and youngster Elijah Pitts actually show more promise. Film clips of Lombardi often show him with "a seal here, and a seal here"—detailing his sweep. The film clip of him on the blocking sled calling out "look at me, look at me" tells us all we need to know. He understands every aspect of how to block a defense, and though he has an offensive line coach, he is the master at this aspect of the game.
Jim Ringo by Merv Corning
Not sure the "G" on the side of the helmet stands for greatness, yet greatness is in the offensive line. Bob Skoronski is the nominal starter at left offensive tackle, and performs well. Norm Masters still sees plenty of playing time there, and is a better drive blocker. Skoronski has grown as player would now be viewed as a strength. Jim Ringo is First-team All-Pro and at the pinnacle of his career. Undersized, but quick he makes the cut-off block on the middle linebacker better than anyone can imagine. Green Bay will cross block on up the middle plays, and Ringo capably takes out the usually much bigger defensive tackle.
Forrest Gregg by Merv Corning
Forrest Gregg is by far the best strong-side offensive tackle in football. He has every attribute you would want in a tackle and is consensus All-Pro. Finally, the guards—Vince's boys Thurston & Kramer. Film footage of them out in front leading a sweep, cross blocking up the middle plays, the trap, the counter, and of course pass blocking. They both are voted 1st team all-pro. Adding in Kramer's ability to pick up the slack of an injured Hornung and kick effectively just adds to his resume. Jerry Kramer should have received votes as the MVP of the league.

Max McGee struggles when asked to punt during the year, but Dowler has a fine year as the number one punter. The Packers are excellent in the kick return game, and with the exception of Abe Woodson cover punts and kick-offs with savage proficiency. Nelson Toburen before his injury was a stellar special teams bomber. You now know the line-up, shall we take a look at the season? Of course we will.

Three straight home victories set up the first Lion game. Besides Alex Karras throwing his helmet at Plum in the locker room after the game for his ill timed inaccurate pass, how about credit to youngster Adderley for zipping into position to pilfer the pigskin? The Packers win three more before their annual pilgrimage to Wrigley Field. Lombardi is going for his third straight victory in the lair of the Bear. Green Bay was at one point 1 win 16 losses and a tie in 18 consecutive games at Wrigley.  The Packers have outscored the Bears 96-41 in their last three games against Chicago, and though the Bears come out fired up they are humbled 38-7. How strong is the Packer running attack you ask? The Bear defense many times lines up in an 8-man front with Petitbon as the lone safety in the middle of the field. Could Starr have thrown against this defense?

Of course, but the Green Bay offensive line with precision, and power opens hole after hole, running lane after running lane. The Packers are off to Philadelphia, kind of a homecoming for Jersey boy Lombardi and scene of his championship loss in '60. The Eagles of '62 are a weak club, and have defensive limitations. Does Lombardi feel pity for the Eagles? A league record setting performance for 1st downs, and looking at the box score, and film the Packers are at their peak. Two weeks from now the Packers will journey to Detroit for the rematch with the one loss Lions, but first is the November 18th home game against Baltimore, and the game that will be examined in depth. The 5-4 Colts have won four of their five road games, and though it is not his best year still have Johnny "hightops" Unitas. Weeb Ewbank has his steads ready, and they really play inspired physical football for much of the game.

Baltimore kicks off with a 3-0 lead and Adderley weaves his way through the Colts for 103 yards and the lead. Adderley intercepts and the Baltimore turnover leads to a field goal and a 10-3 lead but here comes the Colts down the field. Weeb is pulling out all the stops today as holder Bobby Boyd on a fake field goal dashes to the Packer one yard line. On 4th and goal deep in Packer territory Unitas attempt to fool the Bengston defense goes awry as Bill Forester records his second sack of the quarter. Just before the half Unitas pitches to Orr in the corner and a 10-10 tie.

Third quarter and a 52 yard Baltimore drive sets up a field goal and a 13-10 lead. Fourth quarter and Baltimore is forced to punt, and Wood zips to the Colt thirty-one yard line on the return. Tom Moore runs through a massive hole on trap play to the right and a 17-13 lead. The tension mounts as both teams fumble, but this is the field general himself John Unitas and he marshalls his hosses down the field and when he sees daylight he is off and running inside the Packer ten. Jimmy Orr has a step on Adderley but we will never know the outcome since left linebacker Ken Iman leaps to block Johnny's pass. Out played and out gained by 266 yards, yet resilient enough and with enough big plays the Packers are 10-0 before the inevitable massacre in Detroit.

The highlights of the final two games of the season on the west coast are worth a mention. John Brodie has had some impressive games against Green Bay, but also some duds as well. The Packer pass rush overwhelmed the Niners earlier in the year, and Brodie struggled the entire afternoon. Today though at Kezar the Niners in a "trips" right alignment cause havoc and have a 21-0 lead as slot receiver Bernie Casey torments the Packer secondary. The Green Bay offense is up to the challenge and win 31-21.

The division crown is clinched and a meaningless game in the Coliseum against a Ram team that has won just one game. Max McGee fumbles the center snap from punt formation, and in his feeble attempt to roll right is under pressure from young defensive end David Jones. McGee's end over end pass winds up in the hands of rookie defensive tackle Merlin Olsen, and the big man rumbles 20 yards for a score in the Green Bay 20-17 win.

Back to perspective. My two historical mentors answered questions from their persective on the championship game in Yankee Stadium. Paul Lionel Zimmerman is a fledgling writer who know offensive line play. He stated to me more than once how impressed he was with the Packers o-line and blocking combinations. My other mentor a young 20 year old small college football player helping his dad out on the camera crew for upstart Blair Motion pictures told me of his day filming the title game rematch of the Giants against the Packers.

Looking back now at the Giants strategy on the windy frigid day—should Allie Sherman have aligned the Giants in a "trips" right offensive formation and continually thrown short passes with the weather conditions being what they were? Give credit where it is due, Green Bay's defense shut-out the Giants. Even with the huge special teams play by New York, they just were not going to beat the Packers. Workmanlike and consistent Green Bay survived the elements and a motivated New York Giant team to win their second in a row 16-7. Eric Goska is one helluva writer and historian on Packer history, and quoting him from his super book,"Vince Lombardi preached perfection. Of all his teams, the '62 edition came the closest to attaining it".

Sunday, July 22, 2018

The Top 4-3 Ends In NFL History

By John Turney
As T. J. Troup documented the 4-3 defense began to transform pro football in the early-to-mid 1950s and in the late 1970s and early 1980s it began to lose steam as 3-4 schemes became dominant. Then, in the 1990s the pendulum swung back to the 4-3. In the 2010s or so many teams were using both fronts but the nickel and dime were becoming used up to and past 50% of the time.

We are going to attempt to rank the 40 ends (4-3) as we did with the 30 ends (3-4). The challenge is, as usual, with the players who are on the edges of a transition or who played both schemes. We handle those case by case and simply rendering our view of whose careers who most impactful and we try to look at peak performance and well and sustained greatness (longevity) as well as looking at stats, honors and the "testimonials" about the players.

As with any list, it's just opinion and it's prone to criticism, and that's fine. But remember, we've tried to look as deep as we could, researched the subject, watch film even of the older players like Gino Marchetti and Len Ford and have formulated views on them.

Randy Cross once told us that if the best players he faces, like a Joe Greene or Merlin Olsen were rated a "10" then the worst player he faced in the NFL would still be an "8" or so. With that in mind remember that these are the best of the best and the top of the list will be full of "10s" or "9.5s" and the bottom will still be "9s" or "8.5s" at worst. So if you favorite defensive end didn't make the top 50 keep in mind that the margins are narrow and there is not much difference between 25th and 50th and 75th on this list.

Artists include Merv Corning, Chuck Ren, Leroy Neiman, Cliff Spohn, et al.

So, with all those qualifiers, enjoy:

1. Reggie White 
White is our choice for top 4-3 defensive end ever. We can have a battle royale between White and Bruce Smith, our top 3-4 end, at a later date as to who is the best defensive end in history. White began in the USFL and got postseason honors there and came to the NFL in 1985. He began as a 3-4 end in 1985 and was a 3-4 end in 1993, but in all other seasons, he was a 40 end, and a dominant one at that perhaps the most dominant ever.

His 198.0 sacks speak volumes and his ten All-Pro selections and 13 Pro Bowl selections do as well. He had unusual “triangle numbers” the combination of size, speed, and strength (6-5, 285, 4.6, 400+ bench press) and had enough speed to take the corner and then counter it with his “hump move” which was usually called an inside club move. White, however, performed his signature move with exceedingly more power than others. Then if a tackle wanted to defend against it he had to sit inside with his weight on his inside foot, and if he did that, White had the speed to go to the outside and beat the tackle around the corner—a deadly combination of move and counter move and then counter move and move, if you will.

When the Eagles used head coach Buddy Ryan’s 46 defense he would play over the center like Dan Hampton did in Chicago and Howie Long did with the Raiders and he was just too much for most NFL centers. When he was with the Packers he also played a little left defensive tackle with Bryce Paup at White’s normal left end spot. Gannett News Services' Joel Buchsbaum said “No one can handle him. He’s been called a bigger, faster, stronger Joe Greene”.

In the mid-1990s White, who was still called “awesome” by Buchsbaum, sometimes got a bit heavy and lacked the stamina he did earlier in his career but even the best players cannot win everyone over. One prominent right tackle told us in 1993, “I don’t like to use White as an example (of the best) because he didn’t come all the time. The best I block now is Charles Mann and the best in the first part of my career was Jack Youngblood because you had to go against great talent and all-out effort every play”

Really, though, White had it all and his positives outweigh the few negatives and when it comes to the best and most accomplished DE in NFL history it has to be between him and Bruce Smith with perhaps a coin toss needed to see who gets the crown of best DE ever, regardless of scheme.

2. Deacon Jones
Jones was a six-time All-Pro (five were consensus) and named to eight Pro Bowls. But our count he had 171½ sacks and likely over 100 tackles for loss. He was someone with legit 4.6 speed (sometimes reported as 4.5 but that’s likely self-reported by Jones) and perfected (not invented) the head slap move.

Jones made the Rams as both an offensive and defensive lineman, in fact, he started his first game in the NFL as a left tackle. That ended quickly and my early mid-season he was the Rams starting left end.

He was excellent, though error-prone, as a rookie, better as a sophomore, then gained weight (up to 285) in 1963 and he slumped. In 1964 he began his streak of dominant seasons which continued through 1970.

An arch injury hampered him in 1971 and he missed three games and starts and Rams had Jack Youngblood in reserve so after looking at the 1971 production of both players they shipped Jones to the Chargers in 1972, where he went to his eighth Pro Bowl. He had a so-so season in 1973 and signed with the Redskins for 1974 because, after being publically implicated in a drug (Dexedrine, Benzedrine, Phenobarbital et al) scandal in San Diego, he said: “Pete Rozelle was not going to run me out of the league”. Jones ended his career as a designated pass rusher for the Redskins in 1974. There was talk he would go back to the Rams for a final 15th season as a backup to Youngblood and Fred Dryer, but that transaction never materialized.

Again, like Reggie White, Jones would catch some occasional criticism. In 1970, the year the Baltimore Colts moved to the AFC Rams defensive coach Tom Caitlin called a friend on the Colts staff and made a pitch, “Since you guys are no longer a division rival, could he give me some thoughts so we can self-scout? The Colt coach told him, ‘well, we would have run the ball at Deacon Jones all the time, but we couldn’t. Why is that, responded Catlin. ‘Because the guy next to him (Merlin Olsen) wouldn’t allow it”. In other words, Olsen’s unselfish play at tackle allowed Deacon to go after the passer play after play and the scheme didn’t suffer because Olsen was covering the sucker plays. So, let’s just say Deacon had some help in being able to use his ‘get up the field” style.

Jones isn’t on the top of the 40 end list because he just didn’t sustain his greatness it quite as long as White did. When Jones was acting as a designated rusher for the Redskins, White was winning Defensive Player of the Year awards. At their peaks, Jones would perhaps get the nod due to rare, rare speed. It’s Jones’s peak that put his past Marchetti, but White had a high peak as well (2 DPOY Awards 10 All-Pros and 13 Pro Bowls) and he was a top player to the end. Jones was a two-time DOPY and a six-time All-Pro (five consensus) and an eight-time Pro Bowler) So, Jones is number two since we call the ‘peaks’ about even and the longevity/consistency edge to White.

3. Gino Marchetti
Marchetti was a good rookie with the Dallas Texans in 1952, what little film exists shows a man with excellent mobility and good strength. In 1953, his first season with the Colts, he played left tackle. He often said that his experience as a tackle helped his career because he saw what the good ends he faced did and he replicated those moves. However, even with the knowledge, he was going to go to Canada to play defensive end but new Colt coach Weeb Ewbank promised Marchetti he would play defensive end from then on.

So, he was back to his natural spot in 1954 and he played well enough to be voted to his first Pro Bowl and he was voted to the next ten Pro Bowls (he missed 1958 with a broken leg). He was First-team All-Pro nine times and a Second-team All-Pro one time and in 1958 was the AP Lineman of the Year, sort of, but not exactly the precursor to the Defensive Player of the Year Award and was voted as the best defensive end on the NFL’s 50th Anniversary team as well as the 75th Anniversary team.

Sid Gillman once said that Marchetti was, “The most valuable man to ever play his position”. Marchetti was a “grabber and thrower” according to Paul “Dr. Z” Zimmerman and our film study shows that as well. He would get his hands on the outside of the shoulder pads of the offensive tackle and he’d throw him whichever way the tackle was leaning, using the motion of the tackle against that tackle and that would free Marchetti to get to the quarterback.

We don’t have complete sack data on Marchetti’s career but we do have the key years of 1960-64 and he had at least 56.5 in those five seasons. Our T.J. Troup once shared this story with me after seeing that Marchetti was not All-Pro in 1963. “Dad, why wasn’t Gino on the All-Pro team”?

Well, Marchetti averaged 12 sacks a season in 1960-62 and 1964, but in 1963 he had only 8½. This wasn’t known by the AP or UPI voters, but it’s likely they saw him make fewer plays and thus he got fewer All-pro votes. Now, for the record, Marchetti was First-team All-Pro by the NEA (the player’s All-Pro team) but the consensus All-Pros were Doug Atkins and Jim Katcavage.

Marchetti was going to retire after 1963, actually, he DID retire but it was reported that Don Shula talked him out of it and he came back and had a fine 1964 season. He retired after that season, only to be talked out of retirement again, in 1966 as a “favor” to Colt owner Carroll Rosenbloom to backup an injury savaged Colt defensive line.

Said longtime Colt executive Ernie Accorsi, “He had just unbelievable quickness and when he got near the quarterback he was like a 747 banking toward landing. The great ones have an instinct for closing like that. For years, for All-Time teams you could stir up debate at most positions but no one ever questioned that Gino was the best defensive end. There was no debate”.

4. Jack Youngblood
Youngblood backed up Deacon Jones in 1971 and played well enough to make a couple All-Rookie teams. With Jones traded to the Chargers Youngblood started 11 of the 14 games in 1972 at left end and Fred Dryer started the other three, though Dryer played right end in the Rams “57” defense when they moved right end Coy Bacon to defensive tackle so their three best rushers could be on the field with Merlin Olsen at the same time. Youngblood in 1971, when he wasn’t starting for Jones, was the extra defensive end in the Rams “57” scheme.

In 1973 Youngblood broke out and had 16½ sacks and 13½ run stuffs and was a consensus Second-team All-Pro and likely should have been First-team All-Pro. The new defensive coordinator in 1973 was Ray Malavasi who brought a new scheme to the Rams and new techniques, especially versus the run and it was successful. In Malavasi’s five years as the defensive coordinator, the Rams allowed the fewest rushing yards in the NFL, the fewest total yards and were second in sacks with 213 (Dallas had 215).

Youngblood was a Consensus All-Pro five times and a Second-team All-Pro three other times and was All-NFC seven times and was Second-team All-NFC two additional times as well as seven Pro Bowls and a few other times he was an alternate to the Pro Bowl. He ended his career with 151½ sacks and was a good kick blocker with a total of eight in his career and he also forced 33 fumbles and was credited with 49 passes defensed.

Youngblood also did something that Jones and Marchetti couldn’t have done and that was play defensive end in a 3-4 defense which Youngblood did in 1983 and 1984. Pro Scout, Inc. rated him as the 13th best defensive end in 1983 and Joel Buchsbaum rated him 12th in 1984. The Rams were the second-best in the NFL versus the run in 1983 and 1984 and Youngblood had 20 sacks in those two years. (Howie Long had 25, for example).  So, when doing an All-time ranking such as this, it is worth mentioning that he was good at another scheme, not just the 4-3.

Mike Giddings of Pro Scout, Inc., said, “speed wide-40 DE. Warrior who was tops at the left DE despite eight (weak) weight. Known for his ferocious rush but as long as in wide technique was a top run defender”

Hall of Fame tackle Dan Dierdorf added, “I played against Jack my entire career and I can say that he was the most difficult assignment I ever had during my career. He was the most challenging player I ever had to block. He’s extremely competitive and extremely strong, a lot stronger than most other ends,  He plays the run really well, he’s a tough guy and he’s smart.”

Ron Yary chimed in, "Jack Youngblood was the best defensive end I ever faced. He did it all, he did what a defensive end was supposed to do better than anyone. Period. In my opinion, he's one of the top four defensive linemen of all time.”

Dr. Z said in 1976, “Jack Youngblood is the best. When he turns it on there are none better.”Great motor, Speed rusher primarily, relentless.’ And finally  Gordon Forbes, “Great upper body strength and fierce competitive instincts.”

5. Michael Strahan

Michael Strahan has the NFL record for sacks in a season with 22.5 (though Pro Football Journal contends it is Al “Bubba” Baker with 23 in 1978) and he was a five-time First-team All-Pro (four consensus) and was a Second-team All-Pro on additional time.

He, like Youngblood, went to seven Pro Bowls but also got some jewelry for winning a Super Bowl. Strahan was a strong player, used leverage and could push back much bigger tackles, but he was at his best as a speed rusher who was quick enough (though not the quickest) to get past the good right tackles in the NFL.

When Strahan played the top tackles in the league were on the left side, in Marchetti’s and Youngblood’s time the premium tackle spot was the right tackle, the front side tackle as it were. Even Art Shell, a left tackle, was really a “front sider’ because Stabler was left-handed. When he was protecting for Plunkett in 1980 he was a true left tackle”. As a result, sometimes Strahan gets “dinged” in All-time ratings.

We think he was great and worthy as a top-five guy in the 4-3 list. Joel Buchsbaum said in 1997, “Developed into a fine rusher last year, but also got a lot of cheap sacks”. And this was four years before the Brett Favre “belly weak” dubious sack for the NFL record. Still, his “motor ran 100% unlike Bruce Smith” was Buchsbaum’s 1998 comment on Strahan.

As we’ve seen everyone has a least one detractor. Strahan’s is Warren Sapp. Sapp told the media that Strahan failed as a right defensive end and had to be moved to left end to essentially save his career. Strahan did begin his career on the right side, but his body style and skill set was more suited for the left side.

The most fun part of Strahan’s game to watch was his pushing back the ig tackles of the time—Jon Runyan, Jon Jansen, and others. He, at times, abused them.

6. Willie Davis
Willie Davis began his career as a Brown and played quite a bit as a defensive end as a rookie. His second season, 1959, he played both left tackle on offense as well as offensive right tackle. He was planning to quit football and become a school teacher until Lombardi worked a trade for him and he began his decade with the Green Bay Packers in 1960.

Davis had just under 100 sacks from 1960-69 with a high of 14½. He was a five-time First-team All-Pro (four of them consensus) and was also a Second-team All-Pro once. He won five rings with the Pack and was an NFL 1960s All-Decade choice as well.

One thing Davis lacks is a lot of "testimonials"—the comments opponents make about opposing players. However, it's likely that there are not a lot of "he was the best defensive end I faced" since in the first part of his career GIno Marchetti was in the league and in the last part of his career Deacon Jones was in his prime.

Davis and HOF left linebacker Dave Robinson often switched positions and responsibilities to confuse the blockers and it put Davis on the tight end or back if they were in the pass protection scheme. It was very effective and when we’ve talked to both players it was something they both recounted—perhaps displaying a bit of pride in their strategy.

7. Carl Eller
“Moose" Eller was snubbed by Hall of Fame voters, in our view, as a way to punish him for playing on four Super Bowl losing teams—he was elected after an extraordinary wait. The same was done by “old guard” voters to Mick Tingelhoff, Paul Krause, Ron Yary. Heck, they even dinged Alan Page a year. ALAN PAGE!

Eller, according to media reports and film study, was excellent as a rookie in 1964 but dipped in 1965 and there was talk about moving him to defensive tackle. But in 1966 dropped some weight and rebounded and played very well for the next decade. From 1967 through 1975 he got some sort of post-season honors. He was a five-time First-team All-Pro (four consensus—same as Strahan) and a six-time Pro Bowler and was a Second-team All-Pro twice and an All-NFC choice nearly every year included 1975, marking his ninth season of “honors”. In addition, he was the 1971 NEA Defensive Player of the Year and was the highest vote-getter among defensive players in the 1969 AP and UPI MVP/Player of the Year polls.

He had, by the count of the Vikings, 133 career sacks and in 1977, his 14th season he had 15 sacks, which tied his career high he established in 1969. However, Father Time caught up with him in 1978 and was traded to the Seahawks for his 16th and final season. He lost his starting job in Seattle at midseason ended a great run.

Said Giddings, “Power-40 defensive end who “knew how” to play as any. Anchored Purple People Eaters left side. Seldom (eyes) out of position and few tackles could pass pro when he “turned it on”.

8. Len Ford
Had Ford lasted a little longer he would be higher on this list. He began his career as an offensive end in the AAFC and went to the Browns in 1950. In 1951 he had one of the top 2-3 seasons ever by a defensive end. He was a stand-up defensive end in a 5-3 defense, and by mid-1950s he was a right end in a 4-man line, but film study shows the Browns were the last NFL team to fully commit to the 4-3 defense. They ran it, but even in the late 1950s they would mix in 5-man lines along with their 4-man looks. As such, a case could be made that Ford should be included in the rush backers list, rather than the defensive ends. As Nick Webster of PFJ says, “He was the Lawrence Taylor of the early 1950s”.

Sadly, Ford had a drinking problem and it, for all intents and purposed, ended his NFL career. Nonetheless, Ford was a five-time All-Pro and was a Second-team All-Pro twice, totaling seven seasons of “honors” and was a key to several NFL championships.

9. Claude Humphrey
Humphrey ended his career with 127 sacks and was a five-time All-Pro (two of them consensus) and was voted to six Pro Bowls. Like Youngblood, he played in a 3-4 defense, but Humphrey hated it and was not very successful in it. In 1978 he quit the Falcons after four games because he hated the 3-4 defense the Falcons installed that season. After a year off, in 1979, he signed on with Dick Vermeil to be a designated pass rusher, but injuries caused him to have to start in the base 3-4 (karma?). In 1980 he was the nickel rusher he was going to be in 1979 and was the best in the NFL in that role with 14½ sacks. Humphrey was a good kick blocker with a total of nine in his career.

In his prime, he made First-team All-Pro five times (two were consensus All-Pros) and was a Second-team All-Pro three additional seasons and was A Pro Bowler six times and an All-NFC selection six times and a one-time Second-team All-NFC pick. Also during his prime, in this case, 1971, one veteran NFL right tackle said that “Humphrey is the best defensive end in the league—better than Deacon, Eller and Jackson, and I have played against them all”.

Giddings states, “One of the first of the ‘athletic’ 40 DEs, he combined speed, power and knowledge. His rea; tribute is his late-career production at Phi, when despite losing a step be continued to be a top one through ethic and savvy.”

10. Doug Atkins
Doug Atkins was a physical freak. He was 6-8., 270 or so pounds and ran well, and could jump. He got off to a slow start in his career. He started some in Cleveland but apparently didn’t get along with Paul Bowl. They shipped him to the Bears and he started some his first year (1955) and so much in 1956.

In 1957 the light came on and he was named to his first Pro Bowl. There, he spoke to fellow Westerns Conference defensive end Gino Marchetti and asked Marchetti for advice. Marchetti told him to get rid of the giant pads on his should and in his pants, to drop a bit of weight, to wear low cut shows rather than the giant high tops Atkins preferred. Atkins told us that that helped more than people could imagine.

Atkins was a three-time All-Pro and a seven-time Second-team All-Pro. He is given credit for eight Pro Bowls though he should get credit for 1968. He was voted to the team but due to a cracked fibula he had to decline, but back then the NFL didn’t announce who was voted to the team and then who subsequently replaced the injured players.

Atkins was known for a couple of moves, one was his ability to leap blockers who tried to cut him and also for throwing tackles, much in the same way Marchetti did. However, Atkins threw them further. Said Atkins, “Hell, I wasn’t throwing them, they were throwing themselves by committing too far”.  Like Reggie White’s ‘hump move’ he was throwing guys who leaned too far to the outside and White would club them in the direction they were already going. (Look up the Reggie White-Larry Allen clip).

We don’t have compete Data for Atkins but we show he had 98½ in the 1960s and his best sack season may have been 1958. PFJ’s Nick Webster thinks Atkins could have a career total north of 150.

11. Andy Robustelli
Robustelli, like Len Ford, began his career as a stand-up defensive end but when he was traded to the Giants he was a full-time 4-3 end with his hand in the dirt.

He was a seven-time First-team All-Pro (though only two were consensus) and was a Second-team All-Pro four additional times to go with his seven Pro Bowl selections.

Teammate Frank Gifford stated, “Sure Andy was quick but he was tough, strong and very, very smart, too. He made players play better than their ability, he brought it out of them. I thought he was far and away the best defensive end of the era”.

Robustelli’s detractor was Gino Marchetti, who told us that “Brito was faster and quicker off the ball” and wasn’t as impressed with Robustelli’s play as Gifford was.

Still, Robustelli, who entered the league in 1951, was still a candidate for Defensive Player of the Year as late as 1962 according to Troup. He was that effective in his twelth year.

12. Chris Doleman
Doleman began his career as a linebacker, he was envisioned as a strong-side Lawrence Taylor. It didn’t work out and every time Floyd Peters would turn and see Doleman standing next to him on third downs he moved Doleman to the Vikings 4-3 flop defense and a wide 40 end and Doleman didn’t disappoint.

He ended with 151 sacks, 44 forced fumbles, was an NFC Defensive Player of the Year, A Second-team All-Decade for the 1990s and gave certain tackles fits. He once got four sacks off of Anthony Munoz and four off of Willie Roaf, to name two.

Doleman was an eight-time Pro Bowler and a three-time All-Pro and led the NFL in sacks in 1989 with 21. Buchsbaum called him “A speed rusher with a knack for cause fumbles”

13. Julius Peppers

Peppers, still active, was a linebacker for a few years in Green Bay and was a designated rusher last season in his return to Carolina. His sack total currently is 155 and he has 52 forced fumbles.

He is a four-time All-Pro, a Second-team All-Pro twice and went to nine Pro Bowls. He also seems to have a nose for the ball after he’s knocked it loose, recovering four fumbles (two were scoop and scores) and pick off 11 passes (four were returned for touchdowns) and defensed 78 passes, likely second only to Too Tall Jones’s total for defensive ends.

14. Fred Dean
Dean played 11 seasons in the NFL and about half were as a part-time player—as a designated rusher. He had 93 sacks, was the 1981 UPI NFC Defensive Player of the Year and was an All-Pro in 1980 and 1981. He began his career as a 223-pound left defensive end (strong side) and was moved to a more natural right end spot in 1977. He could have been All-Pro in 1978 when he ended with 15½ sacks.

Dean was the missing piece for the 49ers in 1981 and his rush helped the 49ers get their first Super Bowl win. He ended the year with 13 sacks. In 1983 he was again a Pro Bowler and had 17.5 sacks. He held out in 1984 but returned for the playoff run and the second Super Bowl win in the Walsh dynasty. In 1985 he slumped and was gone after the season, being replaced by Charles Haley.

He was not a particularly dedicated athlete once stating, "I get the urge to light weights. I just lie down for a while and the urge passes". Still, he had amazing natural strength and to this day is in the conversation for the fastest defensive lineman ever—he has a 4.48 forty-yard dash to his credit. Jevon Kearse, Cliff Avril, Leonard Little, and Deacon Jones are the only ones who are in that league.

Giddings comments, “Lightest strong-man ever viewed. Uncanny leg base and strength combined with top, top speed allowed him to attack much bigger blockers low and whip them most of the time."

15. Rich Jackson
A Dr. Z favorite, we have made it a special mission to watch his game film and he was what Zimmerman said. He was very strong and quick, though not fast, you didn’t see him chase people down like Deacon Jones did. He had 46 sacks and was All-AFL/NFL in 1968, 1969 and 1970 and All-AFC in 1971.

He prided himself on playing the run. When asked he told us, “If they were going to run block me, I’d use their same technique on the, in a sense I’d run block them only getting lower and with more power”.

He was the enforcer on the Broncos defense as well as the best pass rusher. He led the team in 1969 with 12½ and 10 in 1970. Broncos lore is filled with Jackson’s massive bench press and overall body strength.

In the Broncos scheme he moved around on the line some playing some tackle and right end and even stood up as a linebacker on occasion. But he was best at his power moves and a combination of different head slaps and other pass rush moves.

16. Jason Taylor
A true edge rusher, he moved around from left end to right end, from lineman to linebacker. He ended his career with 139.5 sacks, 46 forced fumbles, 8 interceptions (3 were pick sixes) and was a three-time First-team All-Pro (with one additional Second-team selection) and was a six-time Pro Bowler and the NFL Defensive Player of the Year in 2006. He missed by one being in the 100 sack, 100 pass defensed club with Ed “Too Tall” Jones. Taylor had 99, Jones 102.

Taylor was a tall, lanky, slipper type. He had good speed and great quickness, but not the type of speed of a Fred Dean or Jevon Kearse. But he developed the ability to slip tackles and make plays.

Taylor was a first-ballot HOFer, making him in the same group as  Gino Marchetti, Deacon Jones, Reggie White and Bruce Smith. Come on. As good as Taylor was, the HOF committee didn’t get that right. If indeed, the first-ballot moniker means anything (and some think it is, other do no) then that was an injustice. Taylor just does not have a career with the gravitas of Marchetti, Jones, White and Smith.

However, he is one of the best, just not one of the top five.

17. Charles Haley
Charles Haley was half 3-4 linebacker and half 4-3 end. He was the 1990 UPI Defensive Player of the year as a linebacker and in 1994 he won the same award in 1994 as a defensive end for Dallas. He won two rings with the 49ers and three with Dallas, totaling five.

Haley ended his career with 100.5 sacks. He suffered quite a lot of injuries that limited his career totals. In 1994 Buchsbaum called him “the best speed rusher in the game provided his back is okay”
Haley may be one of those whose numbers don’t reflect his skills. He had some good years in sacks but it was his QB hits and hurries that made a big difference on the Cowboys defense. Like Fred Dean was to the 49ers, Charles Haley was to the Cowboys—he was the edge pressure guy that was thought of as the “missing piece” of the defense.

18. Jared Allen
Allen ended with 136 sacks in 12 seasons and was a two-time NFL Alumni Defensive Lineman of the Year winner. He was a four-time All-Pro (three were consensus) and five-time Pro Bowler. He had a career-high 22 sacks in 2011 and had a string of seven straight double-digit sack seasons from 2007-13. He led the NFL in sacks in 2007 and 2011 as well and from 2005-13 he led the NFL in sacks with 119.5.

Allen was hampered a bit because he had short arms for an end (No Neil Smith was he) but he had the ability to get into a blocker and break holds by tackles and once free had great effort and hustle to close the distance to a quarterback. Imagine what he'd have done with longer arms!

19. Richard Dent
Dent, a two-time All-Pro (and two-time Second-team All-Pro), and a four-time Pro Bowl. Dent likely should have earned more post-season honors in terms of Pro Bowls because of when the voting was done and also to untimely injuries. Dent was dominant in 1985 and capped that season with a Super Bowl MVP award.

Still, it seems Dent should have been better than he was, given his skills. Said Buchsbaum, “Had gotten better versus the run and can still rush the passer”. In 1987 Buchsbaum said that “success may have gone to Dent’s head” and “He didn’t wake up and play football until late in the 1986 season”.
In 1988 it was reported that Ditka was upset with Dent’s “inconsistent play and poor practice habits”.  He ended up playing as a designated pass rusher in Philadelphia and Indianapolis. It was also reported that Dent was heavy in 1989.

Even with the criticisms, Dent did have a fine career, but on balance, may be somewhat overrated. But he’s not overrated to himself. In 1986, when threatening to hold out of the Super Bowl, he said: “Yeah, I’m the best defensive end in the league”. And continued, “I’ve played linebacker, I don’t think Howie Long can play linebacker. We both can play end and tackle, I feel I can play any position on the field”. And I get more sacks than Long”. Yes, Dent did get more sacks than Howie Long, but fewer run stuffs (only 41 in his career), and fewer All-Pro selections and Pro Bowls, too.

20. Mark Gastineau
It’s true, Mark Gastineau didn’t play the run very well (except for 1983 when he had 11.5 run stuffs) but his pass rush ability was amazing. He was a four-time All-Pro (two of them were consensus) and was a Second-team All-Pro in 1981 as well. He was the NEA Defensive Player of the Year in 1982 and he was a five-time Pro Bowl selection. In ten seasons he amassed 107.5 sacks.

Joel Buchsbaum wasn’t as down on Gastineau’s play versus the run as many in the media, including Dr. Z. In 1984 Buchsbaum wrote, “size, strength, speed, stamina, intensity and knowledge to back up the publicity he gets. He’s simply the best defensive end in the NFL.”.

Said Buchsbaum in early 1986, “He has great explosive strength and is the premier pass rusher in the game and has become a force against the run.”

Pro Scout, Inc., essentially concurred, ranking Gastineau as the top DE in NFL in 1981 and a “blue” player every year from 1981-85. Injuries and then personal issues ended his career in 1988. Had he hung around and even played somewhere as a nickel rusher he might have ended with 140 or more sacks. But, he was another of the near meteor-like careers that are on this list.

21. Earl Faison
Like fellow AFLer Rich Jackson, Earl Faison had a career shortened by injuries, predominately a severe back injury. He was an All-AFL pick and played some as a linebacker when the Chargers deployed a 3-4 scheme.

 He was the AFL rookie of the Year in 1961 and from 1961-65 was usually an All-AFL pick. He was large for the era and moved well and had natural strength. The Chargers strength coach Alvin Roy said that had Faison wanted to he could have been the strongest man in the world, competing in powerlifting contests.

He ended his career with a very short stint in Miami but his back was not up to the task.

22. L.C. Greenwood
Greenwood came close to the Hall of Fame several times, being a Final 15 member but failed to make it. He ended his career, by our count, with 82 sacks, was a two-time All-Pro and voted to six Pro Bowls. His career high in sacks was 11 in 1974 and 10½ in 1971 and for a tall (6-6) thin (245) player he was good versus the run, but it also helped having Jack Ham on his left flank and Joe Greene to his right.

He could have been the MVP of both Super Bowl IX and X, but lost out to Franco Harris and Lynn Swann and in addition Greenwood still hold the unofficial Super Bowl sack record with four in Super Bowl X.

Giddings states, “Again, a lot like Eller, but maybe quicker. Relied more on his feet than Eller. Top slaps.”

23. Harvey Martin
With his 114 sacks and 1977 Defensive Player of the Year Award (20 sacks that season), Martin was one of the better ends of his era. He was an All-Pro once and a three-time Second-team All-Pro and was a four-time All-Pro. He began his career as the first full-time designated pass rusher in league history, playing left end in on passing downs. He did that for two years before becoming a starter in 1975. Billy Kilmer said about Martin, "He's is the premier defensive end in the league. Nobody's close, he's player better than all of them."

Said Giddings, “Power-40 DE. Not as fast/quick as many but had those power slaps plus the “long first step” that is mandatory for a top outside rusher. Similar style to Eller but on right side.”

24. Gene Brito
Brito was another short career player, with Lou Gehrig’s disease driving him from the game. On film he was quicker off the ball than anyone in his era and had a nice little spin move to the inside. He began, like Len Ford, as an offensive receiver and didn’t permanently move to defensive end until 1955 (not counting his year in the CFL).

He was a four-time consensus All-Pro and was Second-team All-Pro one season with the Rams. His illness opened up a spot at left defensive end, where Deacon Jones took over.

25. Neil Smith
Smith was very close to being considered a 3-4 end and not included here. But, but a small percentage he spent more time in a 40 than a 30. He was good versus the run, had long arms and was an excellent pass rusher. And ‘long arms’ is an understatement, he was 6-4” but his wingspan was 7’0”—a rule of thumb is that one’s height is about the same as his wingspan.

Smith was a one-time First-team All-Pro and three-time Second-team All-Pro and a six-time Pro Bowler. He ended his career with 104.5 sacks. He was "blue" more often than not when graded by Pro Scout, Inc., and was still rock solid with the Broncos in the late 1990s when he was part of getting a couple of rings for the Broncos.

26. Leslie O'Neal
O’Neal was a great technician but was not always the type of leader teams wanted in the locker room. He ended with 132 sacks and 21 forced fumbles. Buchsbaum “A smart pass rusher who knows how to set a tackle up”. Our view is that he had every pass rush move in the book and used his hands as well as anyone.

O’Neal was never a First-team All-Pro but was a Second-team All-Pro in 1990, 1992, and 1994 and was a six-time Pro Bowler. He ended his career with 133.5 sacks with a career-high 17 in 1992. From 1989-91 the Chargers played a 3-4 hybrid defense which had O’Neal standing us as a linebacker on likely run downs/base defense, but playing his usual right defensive end in passing situations.

27. Dwight Freeney

Like Rice, a blindside guy with a great inside spin move. The only issue is if you do that too often you turn your back to the offense and they can take advantage of that.

He had 125.5 sacks and 46 forced fumbles, seven Pro Bowls and was All-Pro three times. He also got a good endorsement from Titan tackle Michael Roos who called Freeney the “best defensive end he ever faced.”

Nonetheless, he was a one-trick pony, a speed rusher was a devastating inside spin move. With that came lots of rewards but some issues since that move requires the player to turn his back to the offense and allows for running backs to take advantage of that it the play is a pass-action run, like a draw or screen.

28. Simeon Rice
A pure blind side rusher who was All-Pro once and Second-team All-Pro twice and ended his career with 122 sacks, 34 forced fumbles, three Pro Bowls and a ring.

Rice certainly has a high opinion of himself, recently saying “I’m good with what I did,” Rice says. “I was the best in the world at what I did. I know I was transcendent. I know defenses were built around me. I know I affected players around me. I know I was able to call my shot. Whether I get elected to the Hall of Fame, don’t get elected . . . that ain’t on me anymore”.

The statistics of “stuffs” or PFJ’s run/pass stuffs are just that, one data point that gives an idea of a player’s performance just like sacks do. They are not the end-all be-all, just like sacks are not. When we look at run/pass stuffs for Rice he averaged 3.5 per season with a high of 6.5. Those are not the numbers of a player who is making plays in the backfield year-in and year-out. Does it absolutely prove Rice, like many other of these 40 ends, was not great versus the run, but it does paint a fair background.

In his era, Rice was a top, top rusher. From 1996-2005, his full seasons, he led the NFL with 119.0 sacks, leading Strahan by 2.5 sacks.

29. Jim Katcavage
One of our favorites, three-time All-Pro and two more seasons he was an All-Conference selection. He had 20 sacks in 1963 and was a solid run defender throughout his career.  In 1963 he can make a claim as the NFL Defensive Player, in fact, he'd get our vote.

He’s not well known to even hardcore football fans. But was very, very good.

30. Michael Bennett
Chris Collinsworth called Michael Bennett and “all-time great” on an NBC telecast last year. Well, almost, we say. Solid versus the run, plays some defensive tackle in passing downs, makes run stops for losses as well as solid pass rusher. Not an all-time great, but an all-time very good.

31. Ed "Too Tall" Jones
Too Tall Jones had 106 sacks and 102 passes deflected, the only 100-100 club member. Probably should have been better than he was, we’re told the flex defense likely held him back in pass rush situations when teams threw on first down.

Giddings view is, “Doubt there has been & maybe won’t be a big, tall man with his level of football athletic ability. Immovable at the point of attack (even in his final years) and no stronger power rusher. Wonder how many sacks he would have had if not in “Flex” position, off the line of scrimmage and so many 1st and 10s in his career.

Ron Yary agreed, “Too Tall was saddled with a bad scheme for him. If he played for the Rams, where they let their guys get up the field and the react to the run, he may have been the best ever”.
Said Buchsbaum, “plays the run extremely well and because of his height is difficult to throw over”. Jones also was credited with 11 blocked kicks in his career.

32. Charles Mann
A truly underrated player, he was in an era with Reggie White, Bruce Smith, Chris Doleman, and Richard Dent. With those four in the NFL, it was hard to make All-Pro and White, Doleman and Dent were in the same conference. Still, Mann made four Pro Bowls and was a Second-team All-Pro in 1987 and 1991. Was a “blue” (Pro Scout, Inc.’s top rating) all but a few seasons in his career. He played the left side, opposite Dexter Manley and was a top two-way end (run and pass) who had a distinctinve stance with his left hand down. He didn't get any post-season honors in 1985, 86, and 90 but certainy was qualified for them.

33. Jim Marshall
Many advocate for Jim Marshall to be included in the Hall of Fame. We respectfully disagree. He did have 127 sacks, but he played 20 seasons (19 for which we have data) which is an average of just under 7 sacks a season. He also never made a First-team, though he did make a couple of Pro Bowls. He was certainly someone to admire on the field, sometimes weighing under 220 pounds and taking on big left tackles. He was a leader, a hustler, a tough guy and an iron man. Is that enough for HOF? Maybe. But production should count for some of the equation, no?

34. Jerry Mays
Mays was a five-time All-AFL selection plus two additional Second-team selections and went to 7 AFL-All-Star games and was All-Decade for the AFL. A solid, not spectacular type who began his career as a defensive tackle and moved to left end early in his career. He also played some 3-4 end as the Chiefs were one of the AFL teams that switched fronts most often.

35. Jack Gregory
Gregory replaced Bill Glass at right end in Cleveland and was traded to the New York Giants in 1972 where he had a strong case for NFL Defensive Player of the Year He led the NFL in sacks in 1972 with 18½ and was All-Pro. He was deployed by the Giants as a "rover" in 1972 where he would line up an any of the five defensive line positions and but was usually the weak-side end. The Rover defense was patterned after what the Raiders did with Dan Birdwell, moving him around to take advantage of situations or to keep him away from exceptional blockers. The defensive coordinator in 1972 and 73 was Jim Garrett and the Rover was his baby and he left after the 1973 season when Giant head coach Alex Webster was let go.

In 1974 the Giants hired Bill Arnsparger as head coach and the Rover was out and his role became very similar to that of Bill Stanfill. In his career he a total of two Pro Bowls and had a good claim on a Pro Bowl slot in 1975 but lost out to Cedrick Hardman and Fred Dryer.

Giddings of Pro Scout, Inc. states, “Underrated pro. Who won by both ability and smarts. The type whose ‘numbers’ add up when you finished evaluating him.

36. Cedrick Hardman
Cedrick Hardman may be the classic great rusher, no run defense type of end. One of the 49er defensive coaches, Mike Giddings told us, “We threw a party for Ced when he closed his first trap. It was 1972”. For the record, 1972 was Hardman’s third season, showing he really could be suckered his first few years in the NFL. Hardman led the NFL in sacks in the 1970s and was a Pro Bowler in 1971 and 1975. At the end of his career he won a ring with the Oakland Raiders in 1980. It marked a milestone of sorts, he was the first designated pass rusher to win a Super Bowl ring. After an injry marred 1979 season he went to the Raiders where he played in their four defensive end nickel set and recorded 9½ sacks. He played one more year for the Raiders and in 1983 plaued a season for the Oakland Invaders of the USFL.

Giddings again, “Ex-running back, perhaps no DE has his upfield burst of speed. Made him ‘trappable’ early in career but his ‘eyes lit up’ when 49ers put an opponent in 3rd and long”

37. Tommy Hart
Hart was the strong-side end in the 49ers Flex defense from 1970-75 after being a backup and special teamer his first two seasons. In 1976 new defensive line coach Floyd Peters installed an up-the-field scheme and it freed up Hart and Hardman. Hart was voted to his first Pro Bowl that season and was a consensus First-team All-Pro as well after totaling 16 sacks, the second most of his career (he had 17 in 1972). In 1977 his production dropped and he was traded to the Bears. In week 1 in 1978 he had 2 sacks versus Dan Dierdrof who hadn’t given up a sack since 1975. Hart backed up Dan Hampton in 1979 and was a late-season starter in 1980 for the Saints. He’d been signed by the Saints since he had experience in the Flex defense.

“Giddings view is, “Came up 6-4, 207, 4.65 forty with the 49ers as an OLBer. Was kept as linebacker and special teamer and Dl coach Paul Wiggin bulked him up to 245 in off-season. He was unsung, smart, no-harder working 40 DE who developed top pass rush moves. No more solid run stopper among your group.”

38. Coy Bacon
Bacon had a long career with the Rams, Chargers, Bengals, and Redskins. He also played a year in the USFL for the Washington Federals. Bacon was a Second-team All-Pro in 1971 and 1976 and was a Pro Bowler in 1971, 72, 76. He had 130 career sacks including 21½ in 1976.

Was traded to the Chargers in 1973 because the Rams brass didn’t think he’d fit in the odd-man scheme the Rams were installing that season with the arrival of Chuck Knox and Ray Malavasi. He was effective with the Chargers, as he had been with the Rams. He was traded in 1976 to the Bengals for Charlie Joiner where he went to two Pro Bowls with that club, unofficially leading the NFL in sacks with 21½ in 1976. He went to the Redskins for a few years and then was a decent player for a season in the USFL in 1983.

Bacon, though not stellar versus the run did average 6 tackles for loss per season (during his prime) with a high of 13.5 in 1971—which is a rare number. He should have been First-team All-Pro that year since he had 11 sacks to go with the stuffs.

Said Giddings, “Late-bloomer” who did not fit into Dallas’s disciplined system but could wreak havoc when turned loose. More of a 30-DE or 40-DT “power-you” type. Perfect fit next to a disciplined, “read DL”.

39. Al Baker
Baker, like Bacon, was a supreme pass rusher and so-so versus the run. As a rookie, he recorded 23 sacks, the most we’ve found in any one season. He had 132 career sacks. Buchsbaum “tremendous rusher with great outside move and long arms he uses to keep blockers at bay but can be baited and pulled out of the position versus the run”.

Baker was a consensus All-Pro in 1978 and a Pro Bowler in 1978-80. He followed defensive line coach to St. Louis and moved to the left end and had decent seasons in 1983 and 1984.

In his first nine seasons Baker averaged 12½ sacks a season but just 4 run stuffs, showing the focus more on sacks that the run. His last four seasons he spent three as a designated rusher (a good role for him) but he was not all that effective compared to others in that same role.

40. Bill Stanfill
Stanfill was a solid all-around end and was First-team All-Pro in 1972 and 1973 and a Second-teamer in 1974 and was voted to five Pro Bowls. In 1973 Dick Anderson was the AP Defensive Player of the Year but Stanfill might have been the better choice, he had 18½ sacks and 10 run stuffs for a top defense (though Jack Youngblood might have something to say about it—16½ sacks and 13½ run stuffs on the #1 defense).

Stanfill’s neck injuries ended his career early. He played plenty in a 3-4 defense, but not enough to consider him a pure 3-4 end. Teammate Vern Den Herder is a tougher call.
Giddings view is, “A power guy who was faster than foes figured”

41. Michael McCrary
McCrary may be the first defensive end we heard referred to as having “a high motor”. That phrase is commonplace now, but in the mid-1990s not so much. He was a situational rusher for a few years in Seattle, finally becoming a starter in his fourth season, 1996. He had 13.5 sacks that season and was a UFA after the season and signed with the Ravens. From 1997 through 2001 he averaged 11 sacks per 16 games but ultimately injuries cut his career short.

In 1998 he should have had a strong claim on the Defensive Player of the Year totaling high numbers in sacks and stuffs and was chosen to Dr. Z’s All-pro team. The winner of the DPOY award, Reggie White had 16 sacks but only three stuffs. Buchsbaum said, “a great leverage player with tremendous instincts and reactions.”

Like Curtis Greer, his knees just gave out and he didn’t get the long career that some on this list did.  He did get a ring and was a part of the 2000 Ravens defenses so he does have a decent NFL legacy.

42. Ike Lassiter
One of the four top AFL ends, he unofficially led the AFL in sacks in 1967 with 17. The prior year he was a Second-team All-AFL choice and in 1968 and 1969 he was also a Second-team All-AFC selection. He began his career with the Broncos and ended it with the Patriots (not counting a year with the WFL) but he did not have the kind of success that he had with Oakland. From our film study he should have been All-AFL more, maybe over Jerry Mays or Ron McDole a couple of times but that is, of course, 20-20 hindsight.

43. Clyde Simmons
Often overshadowed but a long time, steady performer. He was All-Pro in 1991 and 1991 and led the NFL in sacks with 19 in 1992 and additionally was a Second-team All-NFC pick in 1989. He scored four defensive touchdowns—two pick sixes and two scoop and scores and was good versus the run. In his prime—from 1989-93 he averaged 7 stuffs and 12 sacks a year.

Was mostly a right end, but moved to defensive tackle at times when Eagles, and then the Cardinals had a good rusher to play outside and they were trying to get four best rushers on the field. This happened most often in Jacksonville when they went with a four DE set and some with the Cardinals when Keith McCants was healthy.

He also played the same spot as Richard Dent when he was with Buddy Ryan in Philly and Zona so he could be seen left end if the tight end was on the offensive left side as the 46 had the end and two “46” linebackers flop sides according to strength. Like many on this list he ended his career as a designated rusher.

44. Rob Burnett
One of the top run defending defensive ends of the 1990s and could rush the passer as well, but his forte was playing left defensive end in run situations and playing defensive tackle in likely passing downs. In 1994 he was a Second-team All-AFC and in 2000 he was Second-team All-Pro. He likely should have been a Pro Bowler in 1992, 1993, 1995, 1999 in addition to the 1994 Pro Bowl, which he made. It’s not like he should have made all of them, just that they were seasons worthy of selection.

Paul Zimmerman wrote this in 2000—
“Here's what Burnett means to the Ravens: He's the only member of their front four who can rush the passer and still stand firm at the point. Which allows the tackles, Tony Siragusa and Sam Adams, to slant away from Burnett and toward Michael McCrary, freeing him to rush upfield, a skill at which he excels. It's a terrific scheme, and Burnett, who never takes a play off and can put on a serious pass rush of his own, is the guy who makes it go.”

45. John Abraham
A 40-speed rusher with great skill, but another of the so-so run defenders. He was a three-time All-Pro and voted to five Pro Bowls. Abraham had eight seasons with double-digit sacks with a career-high of 16.5 in 2008.

He ended his career as a hybrid 3-4 LBer/DE in nickel player and had good success in that role with the Cardinals. He was a penchant for forcing fumbles, ending his career with 47 and had three seasons with six—a rare feat shared only with Leonard Little.

46. Cameron Wake
Currently, Wake has 92 sacks in nine NFL seasons and has been to five Pro Bowls and was a First-team All-Pro twice and a Second-team All-Pro twice. He played in the CFL before going to the Dolphins in 2009. He played some base linebacker when the Dolphins played in a 3-4 one-gap scheme. The last six years he’s been a 40-speed end and a very good one.

47. Fred Dryer
Dryer was a Junior College All-American and a Little College All-America with SDSU. He was a first-round pick in 1969 and he totaled 28½ sacks the Giants. He had 75 sacks with the Rams. He was an alternate to the 1970 Pro Bowl but didn’t play due to a late-season hip injury and was voted to the 1975 Pro Bowl when he had 12 sacks. He was a First-team All-Pro in 1974 and a Second-team All-pro in 1975.

He was quick off the ball and was terrific in pursuit. However, no defensive end was hurt more as the NFL loosened the rules for offensive linemen in how they could use his hands. “My effectiveness went down beginning in 1976”, said Dryer and it was a struggle for him the rest of his career. From 1976-81 he had only one double-digit sack season and that was 1979 and in that season he had 5 sacks in one game in that campaign. He had double digits in sacks in 1970, 1973-75 as well.

Stated Giddings, “A taller, higher cut Hardman. Ted Hendricks in a 3-point stance. Fame was outside speed rusher but he was a top run defender via reads and “staying alive”. Blockers rarely hit him square, run or pass.

48. Dexter Manley
Manley’s 1986 season was terrific, he had 18.5 sacks and drew offensive left tackles across the line of scrimmage into 27 penalties--including 15 holding calls--for a total of 218 yards and was a consensus All-Pro. He ended with 103.5 sacks in his career, averaging about 11 sacks a season from 1981-89. He was the “blind side” rusher for the Redskin teams that won two Super Bowls (1982 and 1987) during his tenure.

Manly was quirky, to say the least. He showed up at training camp in 1983 with a Mohawk haircut and the new, self-imposed nickname of Mr. D. He wore many different styles of facemasks, rarely if ever the same, year in and year out.

He had a cup of coffee with the Cardinals and Buccaneers and was then banned from the NFL due to drug-related issues (a fourth failed drug test). He played a handful of games over a few seasons before calling football quits.

49. Curtis Greer
Greer entered in the NFL in 1980 and was especially good from 1981-85. Joel Buchsbaum called him an “Almost All-Pro type” who rarely gets the credit due. From 1981-85 he averaged 13 sacks per 16 games. A chronic knee injury caused him to miss 1986 and he came back in 1987 and was not effective and was placed on injured reserve late in the season.

In 1988, for the third straight season, he was placed on I.R. In 1989 he tried to catch on with the Vikings to spell Chris Doleman but again that didn’t work out and 1989 ended with another delegation to the injured reserve list. A week later his career ended as his contract was terminated by the Vikings and Greer took them to court.

It’s really too bad so few know of Greer’s career and how a bad knee dogged him for so long. “The kn-ee, al-ways th-e kn-ee” said Howard Cosell.

50 tie. Bubba Smith
Had Bubba Smith not hurt his knee on a sideline chain in the 1972 preseason he may have gone on to be an All-time great and is in the same boat as Rich Jackson and Earl Faison to name two. He was an All-Pro in 1971 and Second-team All-Pro in 1968 and 1970. After the knee injury, he was never the same and had mediocre seasons in Oakland in 1973 and 1974 (after being traded for Raymond Chester) and was a backup to his younger brother, Tody, in 1975.

Bubba’s reputation was such that in 1969 when he had an average year for him, Bob “Boomer” Brown still voted for him on the NEA (Players) All-Pro team. Brown didn’t want to hear about an “off year” stating “Bubba Smith is a load and you can quote me”. His teammate Roy Hilton once said, “I know I can never be the best defensive end on this team because Bubba Smith is the best in the world.”

Smith was one of the early defensive ends to move around, sometimes playing over the center when the Colts employed a three defensive end rush with Billy Newsome and Roy Hilton at the end positions.

50 tie. Ron McDole
In his 18 seasons, McDole played well, but though he was 295 pounds he was not a power player so we don’t call him a 40-power end. He was a quick guy despite the weight and could give some tackles fits. His career-high in sacks was 9½ in 1976, but usually, he averaged around 5-6 sacks a season—not what you’d expect from a good pass rusher. He did have a knack for picking off passes, snatching 12 in his career.

McDole started his career on the offensive line and was moved to defensive end in 1963 and found a home as a starter in 1964. With the Bills he was a five-time All-AFL choice (though none were consensus) and he was a two-time AFL All-Star selection.

In 1971 he was traded to the Redskins and was a key member of the “Over the Hill Gang” and he lasted through 1978, making his one of the longest careers in NFL history at the time of his retirement.

50 tie. Gerry Philbin

Another of the good AFL defensive ends who was All-Pro in 1968 and All-AFL in 1968 and 1969. He had 14½ sacks in 1968 and 12 in 1969 and was part of the good Jets defenses in that era. Shoulder injuries hampered him in the early 1970s and he ended his career in the WFL in 1974.

He was on the small side (6-2, 245 or so) but was a good all-around end. He was known to be a tough and nasty player, on the high strung side.

Honorable mentions:

53. William Fuller
Fuller was a four-time Pro Bowler and had 100.5 career sacks. On the short side, he was not an “angular” player according to scouts, but he could get good leverage and had a good rip move. He beat blockers with “technique, quickness, leverage and guile” accord to Bachsbaum.

Fuller began his career in the USFL and was drafted by the Rams in the 1984 NFL Supplemental Draft of USFL and CFL players. He ended up in Houston as part of the Jim Everett trade. He was a backup and fourth lineman (in a 3-man line) for two years and began as a right end and did that for a couple of years and when the Oilers moved to a 4-man line the left end spot was Fuller’s.

In 1994 he was signed as the left end for the Eagles to fill the hole left by Reggie White’s departure to the Packers prior to the 1993 season. Talk about big shoes to fill. He filled them, but it wasn’t the same as when White manned the left end position. He was a Pro Bowler all three seasons with the Eagles and a Second-team All-Pro in one of those, but it was simply an “All-Conference” level of play as opposed to an “All-Pro” level.

Fuller ended his career with 100.5 sacks and had a knack for batting down passes, finishing with 56.

54. Robert Mathis
Mathis was a designated rusher much of his career and an outside linebacker (rush backer) in his last five season. He forced 54 fumbles and was an All-Pro as a rush backer in 2013 and a five-time Pro Bowler. He played the left side and had decent overall body strength but still, like his linemate Dwight Freeney was more of a rusher than run stopper. Would rank higher but he was a starting 40 end 4½ seasons of his career.

55. Joe Johnson
An excellent two-way player, run and pass. He and a terrible knee injury in 1999, but was a Pro Bowler in 1998 and 2000 and could have been in 2001. One of the “solid, not spectacular” types whose career ended early due to injuries.

56. Elvis Dumervil
Another one who is hard to put into a category. He was an edge rusher for sure, as and end or linebacker but often came off the bench. Like Mathis and Freeney he was not known as a good run defender but was a dynamite rusher.

57. Mario Williams
It seems given his talents Williams could have achieved more, he was an All-Pro a three times a Second-team All-Pro one additional season and named to four Pro Bowls. He ended his career with 97.5 sacks, and during his prime he averaged 12 sacks per 16 games

58. Cameron Jordan
In seven seasons Jordan as amassed 59.5 sacks and has been All-Pro once and voted to three Pro Bowls. Probably the best current all-around end in the NFL.

59. Robert Quinn
The 2013 PFWA NFL Defensive Player of the Year, Quinn was still rated highly as a rusher by Pro Scout, Inc, after moving to outside linebacker in the Rams one-gap 3-4 scheme. He was a strong pass rusher and also made a lot of run stops in the backfield (double digits in 2013 to go with his 19 sacks and 7 forced fumbles). And like many blindside rushers he has a knack for forcing fumbles. From 2011 through 2017 only Cliff Avril had more forced fumbles among defensive ends.

60. Kevin Carter
When motivated Carter was as good as any. He was the NFL’s best defensive end in 1999 being names All-Pro and leading the NFL with 17 sacks. Later, with the Dolphins he was praised by Belichick for his strength and effectiveness as an inside rusher. Likely would have been a great 3-4 end in the 1980s, one who could reduce to tackle in passing situations. He did that as a 4-3 end as well, but given his style, we think he was born a decade or two too late to maximize his NFL skill set. Buchsbaum called him “smart and durable who is getting better and better” in 1999.

61. Verlon Biggs
Biggs was a good player as a Jet, and had some good seasons as a Redskin as well. In 1973 he had 15 sacks on an excellent run stopping team that also led the NFL in sacks. He was completely shut out of post-season honors though. He was a large player for his era and as such some thought he could have been better than he was. Teammate Gerry Philbin said, “If I were as big as Verlon, they’d have to pay me to let them (QBs) live”.

His post-season honors included being All-AFL in 1966 (12½ sacks) and Second-team All-NFL/AFL in 1967 (15 sacks) and 1972 and had a strong case for being at least Second-team All-Pro in 1973.

62. George Andrie
When the Cowboys were one of the top two defensive lines in the NFL (along with the Fearsome Foursome) Andrie was one reason why. Paired on the right side with Bob Lilly, Andrie often got single blocked and was productive. In 1966 he had 18½ “traps” (what Dallas called sacks) and was All-Pro in 1969, Second-team All-Pro in 1966, 1967, 1968 and a Pro Bowler from 1965 through 1969.

63. Lamar Lundy
The right end in the Rams famed Fearsome Foursome but got his only Pro Bowl in 1959, which was before the foursome was formed. He had some good years and was considered a good run player especially later in his career, policing the line of scrimmage when Jones, Olsen and Roger Brown were getting upfield.  Still, he was good for (on average) 8-10 sacks a season in his prime.

64. Hugh Douglas
“A natural pass rusher” according to Joel Buchsbaum, he was an All-Pro in 2000 and a Second-teamer in 2002 and a Pro Bowler from 2001-03. His career was relatively short and ended with just 80 sacks, but he was double digits in sacks four seasons and another where he had 9.5 sacks.

65. Justin Tuck
Tuck was a very good run defender and rusher, often moving inside in pass rush situations. He had four double-digit sack seasons and was a two-time All-Pro. Could have been the MVP in the Super Bowl that ended the Patriots 18-0 dream. He ended his career with 66.5 sacks and 20 forced fumbles

66. Tony Brackens
Strong (440 bench press) and quick, was a designated rusher for his first couple of seasons and rushed from a down position and as a linebacker, often a middle linebacker in the Jaguars dime defenses. In some ways he was like Justin Tuck, similar size, style, versatility and production. Also had gimpy knees. He was a Second-team All-Pro in 1999 and a Pro Bowler that year as well.

67. Jevon Kearse
Like Jason Pierre-Paul and athletic end, was a legitimate 4.43 forty man who had his best season as a rookie. Buchsbaum called him the “best speed type in the game” who was working to become a more complete player. He was a consensus All-Pro and Pro Bowler in 1999 and a Pro Bowler for the next two seasons. In those first three seasons he had 36 sacks and 15 forced fumbles (though from viewing the games Kearse had 10 forced fumbles in 1999, not the eight he is credited with by Elias Sports Bureau). Regardless, he had 38.0 sacks and 13 forced fumbles the rest of his career—so it is fair to say his career was front-loaded.

68. Bill Glass
A right end in the 1960s who often got post-season honors. Was especially good at the rip, often credited being the first master of that move. He got postseason honors (All-Pro, Second-team All-Pro, Pro Bowl or All-Conference) from 1962 through 1967 with the exception of 1966. And though sacks were not known, the year he didn’t get post-season honors, 1966, he had just 6 sacks. In the years he did get post-season honors he averaged 12 sacks with a high of 16½ and a low of 10½.

69. Ordell Braase
Played opposite of Marchetti but was a fine player in his own right. Likely in the same category as Bill Glass and George Andrie and Lamar Lundy. He was a starter from 1960 through 1968 and was a Pro Bowler in 1966 and 1967 and a Second-team All-Pro in 1966 and 1967 by the major news services and was Second-team in 1960 and 1965 via the New York Daily News. In the seasons he was a starter he amassed 78½ sacks.

70. Leonard Little
Small, but fast—a legit 4.5 forty guy. Forced a lot of fumbles, even more so for a left end, not being on the quarterback’s blind side. Was not bad versus the run even though he was small because he had good overall body strength and savvy. He was an All-Pro and Pro Bowler in 2003. He could have had a few more Pro Bowls but the Rams were not as good during his prime as they were during the Greatest Show on Turf era. In 2002 and 2006 was as good as he was in 2003. He had three seasons of six or more forced fumbles, only one player has more

71. Robert Porcher

Strong two-way player, solid versus the run and pass. According to Buchsbaum “A good solid player against the run or pass” who “does not have great flair”. He was an All-NFC pick in 1997, 1999 and 2001 and was a Pro Bowler in those same three years. He played some defensive tackle early in his career and was a double-digit sacker five times.

72. John Dutton

Began his career as a right side end, ended it as a left defensive tackle. Was All-Pro in 1976, Second-team in 1975 and All-AFC in 1977. As a right end, he preferred to have his left hand down which is not common but not unheard of, either.

73. Fred Cook
An underrated player never got the post-season accolades he deserved. He was a Second-team All-AFC choice in 1976 and a First-team All-AFC pick in 1977 and from 1975-79 he totaled 52½ sacks. His rookie season, 1974 was not too productive nor was his final season of 1980. That final year the Colts moved from a 4-3 to a 3-4 defense in the middle of the season and it just did not suit Cook. He was not built for it. In fact, the switch to the 3-4 is what ended fellow left end L.C. Greenwood’s career. He couldn’t hack it in 1982 so he hung them up.

Cook was traded to the Redskins in 1981 and couldn’t make the club and he sat out the year. In 1982 he was signed by the Chargers but was cut in August and Cook’s NFL ride was over.

74.  Norm Willey

Much has been made of "Wildman" Willey's 17 sack game (which never happened). We've seen 15 and 12 sacks reported as well. Dr. Z was at the game and charted it and he swears Willey had a big game, not 17-sacks big, but big. Zim's number is eight, with Pete Pihos getting "something like 2½ and Sears getting one" like that.

Still, eight sacks would be the NFL record and given the account, we feel it's plausible but not provable until game film surfaces.

Willey was a leader of the Eagles "Suicide Squad" defense and was a two-time All-Pro and a Second-team All-Pro once. He played the bulk of his career in a 5-2 or 5-3 defense, but we are lumping those guys into the 4-3 group rather than considering them linebackers in a 3-4. It does skew the lists some but in an imperfect world we do the best we can at categorizing these players.

75. Aaron Schobel

A right end in a 4-3, hustle-type, good technique. A two-time Pro Bowler and a four-time double-digit sacker.

76. Patrick Kerney

Solid player, like a Porcher or Kampman but not spectacular.

77. Osi Umenyiora

Forced a lot of fumbles and was solid enough versus run. He was a one-time All-Pro and a one-time Second-team All-pro and a two-time Pro Bowler.

78. Jason Pierre-Paul

A highly athletic end, he was late to football and became very skilled. A fireworks accident curbed his development but he seems to be at the level he was before the injury.

79. Aaron Kampman

Kampman was a Dr. Z favorite, but his career was pretty short, was Second-team All-Pro twice and a Pro Bowler in the same two seasons. In 2006 he had 15.5 sacks and in 2007 he had 12.0. He played some defensive tackle in his career and was known as being better versus the run, but as mentioned had a few good sacking seasons.

80. John Zook

Zook was drafted by the Rams but was traded twice before he set foot on an NFL field after having been sent to the Eagles in the Harold Jackson trade then traded to the Falcons for Jim Purnell. He was a solid player, again, not a spectacular player as evidenced by his sack totals year-to-year. From 1969 through 1976 had 9½, 9, 10, 7½, 7, 9, and 9 sacks. He was Second-team All-NFC in 1972 and 1973 and Second-team All-Pro in 1973. He was traded to the St. Louis Cardinals in 1976—the Cardinals felt they were a good pass rush away from being a top Super Bowl contender.

Zook was always a right defensive end in the 4-3 fronts of the Falcons and Cardinals He became somewhat of a designated pass rusher in late 1977 when the Cardinals played more 3-4 fronts and was the right defensive end in 1978 when they went to the 3-4 full time.

Mike Giddings of Pro Scout Inc opined, “He and Humphrey ideal bookend 40 DEs. Similar to Eller and Martin, more of the smart, power type.”

81. Ben Davidson

Big Ben Davidson was a backup for the Packers and Redskins before he became a solid starter for the Oakland Raiders. In 1965 he was a Second-team All-AFL pick and he was also Second-team in 1966 and in 1967 he achieved First-team All-AFL status. He was part of the Raiders defense that set a then-pro football record of 67 team sacks.

He was 6-8, 275 pounds and played the right end in multiple fronts, though the vast majority of them were in a 4-3. Given his talents, maybe was a bit of an underachiever. His career-high for sacks was 11½ in 1970 and was just under 10 sacks from 1967-69. Good, but not dominant numbers for a player in his peak years.

82. Michael Sinclair

Led the NFL in sacks in 1998 with 16.5. A lanky player, with good moves and not a lot of strength. Was tutored in the WLAF by Jack Youngblood and took some of those skills to the NFL making the Pro Bowl in 1996, 1997, and 1998.

83. Everson Griffen

Became a top end in the NFL in 2017 after being a nickel rusher early on.

84. Sean Jones

Jones was a Pro Bowler in 1993, a Second-team All-NFC pick in 1994 and 1995 and finished his career with 113 sacks, even leading the AFC in 1986 with 15.5.

85. Marcellus Wiley

Wiley backed up Bruce Smith for three years in Buffalo and when he got a chance he did well registering 10.5 sacks in 2000. But, he was to be an unrestricted free agent and out the door he went and was a Pro Bowler for San Diego in 2001 totaling 13 sacks. He was a good versus the run and could get some pass rush but we wonder if he wouldn’t have been a very good 3-4 defensive end in the 1980s. One who could be stout versus runs his way and get some rush as an inside player in passing downs.

86. Ezra Johnson

Began his career well, was All-rookie in 1977 and went to Pro Bowl in 1978, when he had 20½ sacks. Was not responsible versus the run and spent a lot of time as a designated pass rusher.

87. Bob Dee

A left end for the Patriots and a fan favorite in Boston. He began in the NFL with the Redskins and then was a four-time All-AFL selection and if you add in AFL All-Star games he has post-season honors every season from 1960-65—six consecutive years.

88. Cliff Avril

Avril, another current player, has 74 career sacks and made the Pro Bowl in 2016. Avril one of the fastest NFL defensive ends in history with a 4.50 40-yard dash.

89. Chuck Smith

Bad knees ended Smith's career for all intents and purposes. He had three seasons with double-digit sacks and ended his nine-year career with 58.5. When healthy and a starter he averaged 9 sacks per 16 games from 1994-99.

 He was Second-team All-Pro in 1997 and All-NFC that same year. Perhaps his biggest claim to fame is lighting HOF left tackle Willie Roaf up with 5 sacks that year.

90. Shaun Ellis

A two-time Pro Bowler and a double-digit sacker in 2003 and 2004.

91. Chris Long

Long was the NFL Alumni Lineman of the year in 2011 and a four-time Pro Bowl alternate and in the last two seasons has won a ring. He's not been worthy of his #2 overall status but he's been a good, high-motor rusher. Pro Football Focus (PFF) and Football Outsiders (FO), two NFL metric websites, have been particularly kind to him. PFF credits him with 503 "disruptions" in his 10-year career. A disruption is the combination of sacks, QB hits, and QB hurries. FO's total is 363 for a similar combination, which shows the difference of opinion when it comes to "hurries". Nonetheless, both organizations have Long in the upper echelon of players in that metric for the past decade.

92. Carl Kammerer

Kammerer never got any post-season honors but in the late 1960s was a very good end. In 1966 he had 16½ sacks and he added 11 more in 1967

93. Aaron Brown

A fine Chiefs defensive end who got post-season honors in 1969, 70 and 1971. He was a converted fullback with good speed. From 1968-70 he led the Chiefs with 11, 14 and 13 sacks. He had just 5 in 1971 but he was All-AFC and likely shouldn't have been, but in 1968, he was probably shorted at least a Second-team All-AFL selection.

94. Lionel Aldridge

Aldridge was an All-Conference selection in 1964 and had 14½ in 1970. He was part of the Packers dynasty and ended his career playing opposite Deacon Jones in San Diego.

95. Trace Armstrong

A pass rush specialist at the end of his career, Armstrong was underrated when he was a starter in Chicago. He was the first defensive end ever to be voted to the Pro Bowl without starting a game in 2000.

96. Grant Wistrom

A speed 40 rusher, played right end and was a solid player. Was popular with John Madden and Peter King and was a hustle player, the proverbial "motor" player. King named his to his personal All-Pro team in 2001 and Madden named him to his All-Madden team in 1999 and 2001.

97. Joe Robb

Robb played 13 years and was a Pro Bowler and Second-team All-NFLer in 1966, he was a decent rusher and good run player who had good strength for his era. He liked to roll up his sleeves to show off his "guns"—among the first players to do that. He would also stand up as a linebacker when the Cardinals wanted to shows a 3-4 look.

98. Jim Jeffcoat

No post-season honors of Jeffcoat, but he did finish career with 102.5 sacks and had five seasons of double-digit totals for sacks.

99. Ed O'Bradovich

O'Bradovich was a long-time left end starter for the Chicago Bears. Solid, strong, but not fast. A power 40-type.

100.tie Tony Cline

Cline exploded onto the NFL scene in 1970 with 17½ sacks while playing left defensive end. He also played some linebacker when the Raiders changed things up with a 3-4 defense. In 1973 he had to move to right defensive end to make way for Bubba Smith who the Raiders acquired from the Colts.

In 1975, after Bubba Smith was gone he had 11 sacks. Cline was said to be a good leverage player by John Madden.

100.tie Horace Jones

Jones was yet one more good defensive end whose career was shortened by knee injuries. He was a starter as a rookie for the Raiders in 1971 and his second year he had 9½ sacks to lead the team. He also had 13 sacks in 1975. The acquisition of Bubba Smith caused him to miss snaps in 1973 even though Smith was not his usual self.  Jones missed the 1976 season with an injury and tried to make a comeback with Seattle in 1977 but it lasted just one game.

Joey Bosa, Demarcus Lawrence, and Ezekiel Ansah are coming on but have too few seasons to be ranked.